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Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter Mouton June 14, 2019

Attitudinal bias, individual differences, and second language speakers’ interactional performance

Pavel Trofimovich, Kim McDonough, Phung Dao and Dato Abashidze

Abstract

This study examined whether an interlocutor’s attitudinal bias affects second language (L2) speakers’ recall of narratives and their responses to corrective feedback (recasts) and whether the role of attitudinal bias depends on individual differences in speakers’ background and personality characteristics. After receiving a positive or negative attitudinal bias orientation, 70 L2 English speakers completed tasks with an interlocutor who provided recasts in response to language errors. Speakers also completed questionnaires targeting individual differences in their motivation and acculturation to the home and target cultures. There were no general effects for positive or negative attitudinal bias on speakers’ recall of personal narratives or responses to feedback. However, under negative bias, motivation scores were associated with speakers’ accurate reformulation of errors. Under positive bias, there was an association between accurate narrative recall and greater psychological adaptation and motivation. Results imply that attitudinal bias plays a subtle role in L2 speakers’ interactional performance.

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Supplementary Material

The online version of this article offers supplementary material (DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/applirev-2019-0010).

Published Online: 2019-06-14

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