Abstracht: Over several centuries, the Bavarian dukes and electors pursued the aim of preventing Jewish settlements in their territory. From the expulsion of the Jews by Albrecht V. in 1553 until the beginning of the 18th century, the Wittelsbach family consistently achieved this aim. For a long time, therefore, Bavaria was a »state without Jews«. With the end of the Holy Roman Empire and the accompanying territorial expansions between 1777 and 1806, Bavaria was faced with a significant increase of its Jewish population at the beginning of the 19th century. In Bavaria’s new province of Swabia alone, there were Jewish communities in thirteen places in 1808. The incorporation into the state of Bavaria meant a new era for the Swabian rural Jews, if one bears in mind the Jewish policy pursued by the electorate until that point. The present article deals with the key aspects of the Bavarian Jewish policy and its local implementation during the first half of the 19th century, as well as the related effects, particularly on exceptionally small and medium-sized rural Jewish communities in Bavarian Swabia.
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