Abstracht: This article demonstrates that labelling a group of Jews as either rural or urban masks the changes which this group underwent after attaining emancipation. This will be exemplified by looking at the Jewish cattle dealers in interwar Middle Franconia, a north-Bavarian district. Jewish cattle dealers have traditionally been categorized as a group of rural Jews who were stuck in old patterns rather than casting them off. By analyzing the business structure of their enterprises the author shows that this specific socio-economic group did in fact undergo dramatic changes after becoming emancipated, even though it remained in a profession shaped during an era when Jews were primarily limited to trade. For example, the great majority of the Jewish cattle dealers developed a modern business culture and moved to centrally located small towns rather than remaining in small villages.
© De Gruyter