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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 23, 2017

Haskala, Pietismus und der Rostocker Orientalist Oluf Gerhard Tychsen (1734–1815)

Hans-Uwe Lammel and Michael Busch
From the journal Aschkenas

Abstract

Oluf Gerhard Tychsen (1734–1815) was a dazzling figure in the European history of ideas. As a young student of theology at the pietistic Institutum Judaicum et Muhammedicum in Halle he showed great interest in Jewish studies and took part in missionary activities throughout Germany. As a teacher of oriental studies at the universities of Bützow and later of Rostock, both in Mecklenburg, he was in charge of an academic network with about 200 correspondents from all parts of Europe. Besides his numismatic and linguistic expertise he was deeply occupied with the »Jewish question«. Our investigation explores three topics in this field: Tychsen’s participation in the debate on the early burial in Jewish communities in Mecklenburg, his part in the enrolment of the first medical students at Bützow and in granting them their medical degree from 1766 onwards, and his commitment to one of the most liberal Jewish emancipation edicts which was composed in Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1813. Our main question is how Tychsen’s activities in these fields were interwoven with the Jewish striving for emancipation against the background of Haskala and Pietism.

Online erschienen: 2017-5-23
Erschienen im Druck: 2017-6-27

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston