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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 11, 2016

Towards a Relative Chronology of Śaṅkara’s Works

Ivan Andrijanić

Abstract

This article presents philological observations which may help to establish a relative chronology of some of the works attributed to Śaṅkara. Commentaries on the Upaniṣads ascribed to Śaṅkara are compared to his commentaries on those parts of Brahma-Sūtras that discuss the same Upaniṣadic passages. Closer investigation of some of these passages might lead to some conclusions about the chronology of these works. The article investigates examples from Taittirīya-Upaniṣad 2.1–5 and Bṛhadāraṇyaka-Upaniṣad 3.7 respectively discussed in Brahmasūtra-Bhāṣya 1.1.12–1.1.19 and 1.2.18–20, an example from Kaṭha-Upaniṣad 1.3.1 (3.1), which is presented both in Brahmasūtra-Bhāṣya 1.2.11–12 and in Kaṭhopaniṣad-Bhāṣya 1.3.1, together with some examples of interpretations of the same verses in different Upaniṣads, such as the verse which occurs as Muṇḍaka-Upaniṣad 2.2.10 and Kaṭha-Upaniṣad 2.2.15 (5.15) and two verses shared by Īśā-Upaniṣad, Kaṭha-Upaniṣad and Bṛhadāraṇyaka-Upaniṣad. These examples will reveal some textual parallels in these commentaries, which might provide some clues for establishing a chronology of these passages.

Abbreviations

AiU

Aitareya-Upaniṣad

AiUBh

Aitareya-Upaniṣad-Bhāṣya

BAU

Bṛhadāraṇyaka-Upaniṣad

BAUBh

Bṛhadāraṇyaka-Upaniṣad-Bhāṣya (Śaṅkara)

BhGBh

Bhagavad-Gītā-Bhāṣya

BSŚWC

Brahmasūtra-Śāṅkarabhāṣyam with the Commentaries: Bhāṣyaratnaprabha of Govindānanda, Bhāmatī of Vācaspati Miśra, Nyāyanirṇaya of Ānandagiri

BS

Brahma-Sūtra

BSBh

Brahma-Sūtra-Bhāṣya (Śaṅkara)

BWŚ

Brahmasūtra with Śaṅkarabhāṣya

ChU

Chāndogya-Upaniṣad

ChUBh

Chāndogya-Upaniṣad-Bhāṣya

IU

Īśā-Upaniṣad

IUBh

Īśā-Upaniṣad-Bhāṣya

K

Kāṇva

KaU

Kaṭha-Upaniṣad

KaUBh

Kaṭha-Upaniṣad-Bhāṣya

M

Mādhyaṃdina

MimS

Mīmāṃsā-Sūtra

MimSBh

Mīmāṃsā-Sūtra-Bhāṣya (Śabara)

MU

Muṇḍaka-Upaniṣad

MUBh

Muṇḍaka-Upaniṣad-Bhāṣya

ŚB

Śatapatha-Brāhmaṇa

ŚvU

Śvetāśvatara-Upaniṣad

TaittU

Taittirīya-Upaniṣad

TaittUBh

Taittirīya-Upaniṣad-Bhāṣya

TPU

Ten Principal Upaniṣads with Śaṅkarabhāṣya

Texts (original and translations)

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Published Online: 2016-6-11
Published in Print: 2016-5-1

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