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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by Deutscher Kunstverlag (DKV) April 7, 2021

Wie kam das Bauhaus zu seinem Namen?

  • Dietrich Neumann EMAIL logo
From the journal Architectura

Abstract

It has always been assumed that the name Bauhaus was invented in 1919 by Walter Gropius, the institution’s founder and first director. However, the name had been in use since 1915 by the conservative Berlin architect Albert Gessner for his practice. Gessner had become famous for large, ingeniously designed apartment house complexes. Gropius and Gessner knew each other from the German Werkbund and Gropius probably saw the name in this context and adopted it. Gessner’s private practice had little success at the time, he closed his Bauhaus in 1920 and the competing use of the name in Weimar probably did little damage. But Gessner was fiercely opposed to the modern movement in architecture and enthusiastically joined the Nazi party in 1932, which ultimately determined its demise.

  1. Abbildungsnachweise

    Abb. 1: Berliner Adressbuch 1915, Teil IV, 31 — Abb. 2: Berliner Architekturwelt 10. 1908, Heft 12, 450, Abb. 525 — Abb. 3, 4: © akg-images Ltd — Abb. 5: © F.L.C./ADAGP, Paris/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York 2020

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Published Online: 2021-04-07

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 2.2.2023 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/atc-2018-1002/html
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