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Publicly Available Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg May 12, 2016

Elements of Constraint

  • Matti Häyry and Timo Airaksinen
From the journal Analyse & Kritik


This paper analyses the various effects of threats and offers on freedom. Both threats and offers are related to social power. Threats are part of coercion and they are constraints. We try to say why this is so. Offers are more problematic. We identify soft and hard offers, or offers that can be refused and those that cannot. Hard offers have several interesting features, especially in relation to individual preference orders and sets of action alternatives. This paper studies problems which are implicit in Thomas Wartenberg’s study of the various forms of social power in this issue of Analyse & Kritik.

Online erschienen: 2016-5-12
Erschienen im Druck: 1988-5-1

© 1988 by Lucius & Lucius, Stuttgart

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