Two basic kinds of communitarians are discriminated. ‘Weak communitarians’ reject only the liberal metaethical theses that I call ‘universalism’ and ‘neutralism’, but endorse liberal norms and institutions at the normative level. ‘Strong communitarians’ condemn liberalism at both levels: they reject not only universalism and neutralism, but also substantive liberal norms defending communitarian values (family, tradition, solidarity, etc.). This article intends to show certain internal paradoxes of these two versions of communitarianism.
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