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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (O) October 14, 2015

Agents enabling cyber-physical production systems

Softwareagenten zur Realisierung von Cyber-physischen Produktionssystemen
Birgit Vogel-Heuser, Jay Lee and Paulo Leitão


In order to be prepared for future challenges facing the industrial production domain, Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS) consisting of intelligent entities which collaborate and exchange information globally are being proclaimed recently as part of Industrie 4.0. In this article the requirements of CPPS and abilities of agents as enabling technology are discussed. The applicability of agents for realizing CPPS is exemplarily shown based on three selected use cases with different requirements regarding real-time and dependability. The paper finally concludes with opportunities and open research issues that need to be faced in order to achieve agent-based CPPSs.


Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS) sind intelligente, kooperierende Produktionseinheiten, welche Informationen global austauschen. Die Anwendbarkeit der Agententechnologie zur Realisierung von CPPS`en wird an Hand von drei internationalen Fallstudien für Teile von CPPS gezeigt, um die Vorteile und die zu bearbeitenden Forschungsfragen auch in Bezug auf Echtzeit- und Zuverlässigkeitsanforderungen zu identifizieren.


We would like to grateful thank the members of the IEEE Technical Committee on Industrial Agents as well as the members of the VDE/VDI-GMA 5.15 Technical Committee on Multi-agent systems in industrial automation for valuable discussions.

Received: 2014-10-6
Accepted: 2014-12-19
Published Online: 2015-10-14
Published in Print: 2015-10-28

©2015 Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

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