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Optimization based power system stabilizer tuning

Optimierungsbasierte Einstellung von Pendeldämpfungsgeräten
Ara Panosyan

Abstract

The most cost-effective method to improve the damping of low frequency electromechanical oscillations in interconnected power systems is the use of Power System Stabilizers (PSS), which act as supplementary controllers in the generator excitation system. In general, the performance of a power system stabilizer depends on the proper tuning of its parameters, to ensure a positive contribution to the small signal stability of the power system, without negatively impacting its transient stability. This paper will discuss the different roles of the excitation system automatic voltage regulator and the power system stabilizer in improving the transient stability and the oscillatory stability of the power system. The focus of the paper will be on the tuning methodology for power system stabilizers, which can ensure a robust performance of the PSS over a wide range of frequencies and operating conditions. In addition, mathematical optimization techniques will be introduced into the tuning process to improve the efficiency and accuracy of the tuning process.

Zusammenfassung

Die kostengünstigste Methode zur Verbesserung der Dämpfung niederfrequenter elektromechanischer Schwingungen in Verbundnetzen ist die Verwendung von Pendeldämpfungsgeräten (Power System Stabilizers - PSS), die als zusätzliche Regler im Erregungssystem der Generatoren fungieren. Im Allgemeinen hängt die Leistung eines Pendeldämpfungsgeräts von der richtigen Einstellung seiner Parameter ab, um einen positiven Beitrag zur Kleinsignalstabilität des Stromversorgungssystems zu gewährleisten, ohne dessen transiente Stabilität negativ zu beeinflussen. In diesem Artikel werden die verschiedenen Rollen des Erregungssystems, des automatischen Spannungsreglers (AVR) und des Pendeldämpfungsgeräts (PSS) bei der Verbesserung der Übergangsstabilität und der Pendelstabilität des Stromversorgungssystems erörtert. Der Schwerpunkt des Aufsatzes wird auf der Einstellungsmethode für Pendeldämpfungsgeräten liegen, die eine robuste Leistung des PSS über einen weiten Bereich von Frequenzen und Betriebsbedingungen gewährleisten kann. Zusätzlich werden mathematische Optimierungstechniken in den Einstellungsprozess eingeführt, um die Effizienz und Genauigkeit des Einstellungsprozesses zu verbessern.

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Received: 2021-01-17
Accepted: 2021-02-17
Published Online: 2021-04-30
Published in Print: 2021-05-26

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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