Omp85-like proteins are evolutionary ancient components of bacterial outer membranes and their evolutionary offspring. As a consequence, proteins of this family can be found in the outer membrane systems of Gram-negative bacteria and endosymbiotically derived organelles. In the different membranes, they perform distinct functions such as catalyzing protein insertion into or protein transport across the bilayer. Here, the knowledge on the Omp85-like proteins in the eukaryotic system with regard to structural properties and physiological behavior is summarized.
©2011 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York