Cellular dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV, CD26) and amino-peptidase N (APN, CD13) play regulatory roles in T cell activation and represent potential targets for treatment of inflammatory disorders. We have developed a novel therapeutic strategy, ‘peptidase-targeted Immunoregulation’ (PETIR™), which simultaneously targets both cellular DP IV and APN via selective binding sites different from the active sites with a single inhibitor. To prove the therapeutic concept of PETIR™ in autoimmunity of the central nervous system (CNS), we evaluated the effect of a single substance, PETIR-001, in an animal model of multiple sclerosis, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in SJL/J mice. Administration of PETIR-001 significantly delayed and decreased clinical signs of active EAE, when given in a therapeutic manner intraperitoneally from day 15 to day 24 after induction of EAE. Both the acute phase and the first relapse of EAE were markedly inhibited. Importantly, a similar therapeutic benefit was obtained after oral administration of PETIR-001 from day 12 to day 21 after disease induction. Our results demonstrate that PETIR-001 exhibits a therapeutic effect on EAE in SJL/J mice. Thus, PETIR™ represents a novel and efficient therapeutic approach for immunotherapy of CNS inflammation.
©2011 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York