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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 17, 2020

Tax Policy and Toxic Housing Bubbles in China

Pengfei Jia and King Yoong Lim

Abstract

This paper explores the effects of a government tax policy in a growth model with economic transition and toxic housing bubbles applied to China. Such a policy combines taxing entrepreneurs with a one-time redistribution to workers in the same period. Under the tax policy, we find that the welfare improvement for workers is non-monotonic. In particular, there exists an optimal tax at which social welfare is maximized. Moreover, we consider the welfare effects of setting the tax at its optimum. We show that the tax policy can be welfare-enhancing, comparing to the case without active policies. The optimal tax may also yield a higher level of welfare than the case even without housing bubbles. In addition, our simple numerical exercise shows that the optimal tax rate is about 23%;, and social welfare is significantly improved with such a tax policy. Finally, we extend the benchmark economy to a multi-period setting and calibrate the model to China. Our results show that a 20%; tax rate can speed up economic transition and increase output growth. Between 1998 and 2012, aggregate consumption is 4.86%; higher under active tax policies.

JEL Classification: O18; P31; R21; R28

Corresponding author: Pengfei Jia, School of Economics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China, E-mail:

Funding source: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Award Identifier / Grant number: 71573206

Acknowledgement

We thank Feng Dong, Jiechao Gao, Christoph Himmels, and Wentao Ma for useful comments and discussions. We also thank Pengfei Wang (the editor in charge) and one anonymous referee for many helpful suggestions. Financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71573206) is gratefully acknowledged. The views expressed in this paper and any errors are our own.

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Supplementary Material

The online version of this article offers supplementary material (https://doi.org/10.1515/BEJM-2019-0155).


Received: 2019-07-25
Accepted: 2020-06-08
Published Online: 2020-08-17

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