Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 11, 2016

Vegetation diversity of the two Dinaric karstic rivers in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Anđelka Lasić and Nenad Jasprica
From the journal Biologia

Abstract

Plant communities were studied along two oligotrophic karstic rivers – Trebižat and Lištica – from 2007 to 2009. Based on 93 phytosociological relevés, using Braun–Blanquet methods, a total of 25 plant associations were recognised in the rivers and nearby surveyed area. These associations have been subordinated to 11 alliances, eight orders and six classes: Adiantetea capilli–veneris, Lemnetea minoris, Potametea pectinati, Phragmito australis–Magnocaricetea elatae, Molinio–Arrhenatheretea and Salicetea purpureae. In the Trebižat and Lištica rivers, 24 and 10 associations were found respectively. Only nine associations were common to both rivers. Data on the floristic composition of eight associations (Eucladio–Adiantetum capilli–veneris, Potametum perfoliati, Potametum graminei, Potametum lucentis, Potametum pectinati, Potamo pectinati–Myriophylletum spicati, Equiseto palustri–Iridetum pseudacori, Holoschoeno–Molinietum arundinaceae) in Bosnia and Herzegovina were presented for the first time. Altogether, four NATURA 2000 habitat types were recognized. The study revealed the great diversity of aquatic and marshland vegetation in the study area.

Acknowledgements

We are very grateful to referees for critical and valuable comments on a previous version of the manuscript. The second author would like to thank Steve Latham (UK) for improving the English.

Syntaxa quoted in the text and Table 1, but not in scheme (in alphabetical order):

Alnetea glutinosae Braun–Blanquet et Tüxen ex Westhoff, Dijk et Passchier 1946

Ammophiletea Braun–Blanquet et Tüxen ex Westhoff, Dijk et Passchier 1946

Artemisietea vulgaris Lohmeyer, Preising et Tüxen ex von Rochow 1951

Bidentetea tripartitae Tüxen, Lohmeyer et Preising ex von Rochow 1951

Chenopodietea Braun–Blanquet 1951

Cypero–Paspaletum digitarii (=distichi) Horvatić 1954

Dichostyli–Fimbristyletum dichotomaeHorvatić 1954

Epilobietea angustifolii Tüxen et Preising ex von Rochow 1951

Festuco valesiacae–Brometea erecti Braun–Blanquet et Tüxen ex Braun–Blanquet 1949

Fontinaletea antipyreticae v. Hübschmann 1957

Galio aparines–Urticetea dioicae Passarge ex Kopecký 1969

Hydrocotyle–Caricetum elatae Horvatić 1962

Iridetum pseudacori Eggler ex Brzeg et Wojterska 2001

Iris pseudacorus community

Isoëto–Nanojuncetea Braun–Blanquet et Tüxen ex Westhoff, Dijk et Passchier 1946

Nerio oleandri–Tamaricetea africanae Braun–Blanquet et O. Bolòs 1958

Ostryo carpinifoliae–Carpinion orientalis Horvat (1954) 1958

Parietarietea judaicaeOberdorfer 1977

Plantaginetea majoris Tüxen et Preising in Tüxen 1950

Populetalia albae Braun–Blanquet 1931

Querco roboris–Fagetea sylvaticae Braun–Blanquet et Vlieger in Vlieger 1937

Salicetum albae Issler 1926

Salicetum fragilis Passarge 1957

Scirpo–Phragmitetum W. Koch 1926

Scorzoneretalia villosae Kovacević 1959

Sparganietum ramosi Roll 1938

Sparganio–Chlorocyperetum longi Horvatić 1934

Stellarietea mediae Tüxen, Lohmeyer et Preising ex von Rochow 1951

Thero–Brachypodietea ramosi Braun–Blanquet 1947

References

Abadžić S. 2007. Nova vrsta genusa Scabiosa L. (Dipsacaceae). Hrv. misao (Sarajevo) 30: 38–49.Search in Google Scholar

Aeschimann D., Lauber K., Moser D.M. & Theurillat J.–P. 2004. Flora alpina. Bd. 1: Lycopodiaceae–Apiaceae. Haupt Verlag, Bern, Stuttgart, Wien, 1159 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Anonymous 1985. Zakon o prirodnom i kulturnohistorijskom naslijedu SR BiH.Search in Google Scholar

Babij V., Seliškar A., Vreš B. & Zelnik I. 2005. Flora and vegetation of karstic ponds “kali and lokve” (Kras, Slovenia) pp. 83–99. In: Mihevc A. (ed.). Voda in življenje v kamniti pokrajini – Kras = Water and Life in a Rocky Landscape – Kras (Projekt Aquadapt): Založba ZRC, ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana.Search in Google Scholar

Balátová–Tulácková E. 1968. Grundwasserganglinien und Wiesengesellschaften. (Vergleichende Studie der Wiesen aus Südmähren und der Südslowakei). Acta Sci. Nat. Brno N.S. 2(2) S: 1–37.Search in Google Scholar

Biondi E. & Bagella S. 2005. Vegetazione e paesaggio vegetale dell’arcipelago di La Maddalena (Sardegna nord–orientale). Fitosociologia 42: 3–99.Search in Google Scholar

Biondi E., Blasi C., Allegrezza M., Anzellotti I., Azzella M. M., Carli E. et al. 2014. Plant communities of Italy: The Vegetation Prodrome. Plant Biosyst. 148: 728–814.10.1080/11263504.2014.948527Search in Google Scholar

Blečić V. & Lakušić R. 1976. Prodromus biljnih zajednica Crne Gore. Glasn. Republ. Zav. Zašt. Prir. – Prirod. Muz. (Titograd) 9: 57–98.Search in Google Scholar

Bonacci O. 2010. Sustainability of the karst environment – Dinaric karst and other karst regions. UNESCO, Paris. IHP–VII Series on Groundwater No. 2, 187 pp.10.4154/gc.2010.08Search in Google Scholar

Bonacci O., Ljubenkov I. & Knezić S. 2012. The water on a small karst island: the island of Korcula (Croatia) as an example. Environ. Earth Sci. 66 (5): 1345–1357.10.1007/s12665-011-1345-9Search in Google Scholar

Bonacci O., Željković I. & Galić A. 2013. Karst rivers’ particularity: an example from Dinaric karst (Croatia/Bosnia and Herzegovina). Environ. Earth Sci. 70: 963–974.10.1007/s12665-012-2187-9Search in Google Scholar

Borhidi A. 2003. Magyarország növénytarsulásai. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 610 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Braun–Blanquet J. 1964. Pflanzensoziologie. 3. Aufl. Springer Verlag, Wien–New York, 865 pp.10.1007/978-3-7091-8110-2Search in Google Scholar

Brzeg A. & Wojterska M. 2001. Zespoły roślinne Wielkopolski, ich stan poznania i zagroženie, pp. 39–110. In: Wojterska M. (ed.). Szata roślinna Wielkopolski i Pojezierza Południowopomorskiego, Przewodnik sesji terenowych 52. Zjazdu PTB, 24–28 września 2001. Bogucki Wyd. Nauk., Poznań.Search in Google Scholar

Buchwald R. 1992. Il Veronico–Apietum submersi, una nuova associazione dell’Italia centrale. Doc. Phytosoc. 14: 513–529.Search in Google Scholar

Carrillo E. & Ninot J.M. 1992. Flora i vegetació de les valls d’Espot i Boí. Volum II. Departament Biologia Vegetal, Institut d’Estudis Catalans, Barcelona, 474 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Ceschin S., Zuccarello V. & Caneva G. 2010. Role of macrophyte communities as bioindicators of water quality Application on the Tiber River basin (Italy). Plant Biosyst. 144: 528–536.10.1080/11263500903429221Search in Google Scholar

Chepinoga V.V., Bergmeier E., Rosbakh S.A. & Fleckenstein K.M. 2013. Classification of aquatic vegetation (Potametea) in Baikal Siberia, Russia, and its diversity in a northern Eurasian context. Phytocoenologia 43 (1–2): 127–167.10.1127/0340-269X/2013/0043-0541Search in Google Scholar

Chytrý M. (ed.) 2011. Vegetace Ceské republiky 3. Vodní a mokfadni vegetace / Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and Wetland Vegetation. Academia, Praha, 827 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Chytrý M., Kučera T. & Kočí M. (eds.) 2001. Katalog biotopů Ceské republiky (Habitat Catalogue of the Czech Republic). Agentura ochrany přírody a krajiny CR, Praha, 304 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Chytrý M. & Otýpková Z. 2003. Plot sizes used for phytosociological sampling of European vegetation. J. Veg. Sci. 14: 563–570.10.1111/j.1654-1103.2003.tb02183.xSearch in Google Scholar

Coldea Ch. 1997. Les associations végétales de Roumanie. Tome 1. Les associations herbacées naturelles. Presses Universitaires de Cluj, 261 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Cuturilo S. & Ratkovinć B. 1983. The study of ecological conditions for the development of Watter Milfolil – Myriophyllum spicatum L. on Skadar Lake. Skadarsko jezero – Zbornik referata, CANU, Naucni skupovi (Titograd) 9: 271–287.Search in Google Scholar

Dakskobler I., Martinčič A. & Rojšek D. 2014. Phytosociological analysis of communities with Adiantum capillus–veneris in the foothils of the Julian Alps (Western Slovenia). Hacquetia 13 (2): 235–258.10.2478/hacq-2014-0016Search in Google Scholar

Dargie T.C.D. 1998. The sand dune vegetation survey of Scotland: Western Isles. Volume 1: Main Report. Scottish Natural Heritage Research, Survey and Monitoring Report No. 96 (Volume 1 of 3), 93 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Dawson F.H. & Szoszkiewicz K. 1999. Relationships of some ecological factors with the associations of vegetation in British rivers. Hydrobiologia 415: 117–122.10.1007/978-94-017-0922-4_17Search in Google Scholar

de Foucault B. & Catteau E. 2012. Contribution au prodrome des végétations de France : les Agrostietea stoloniferae Oberd. 1983. J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 59: 5–131.Search in Google Scholar

Deil, U. 1998. The class Adiantetea in the Mediterranean area – a state of knowledge report. Ann. Bot. (Rome) 56 (1): 73–78.Search in Google Scholar

Drešković N., Ðug S., Stupar V., Hamzić A., Lelo S., Muratović E., Lukić-Bilela L., Brujić J., Milanović D. & Kotrošan D. 2011. Natura 2000 u Bosni i Hercegovini. U.G. Centar za okolišno održivi razvoj, Sarajevo, 456 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Dring J., Hoda P., Mersinllari M., Mullaj A., Pignatti S. & Rodwell J. 2002. Plant communities of Albania – a preliminary overview. Ann. Bot. (Rome) 2: 7–30.Search in Google Scholar

Ðug S., Muratović E., Drešković N., Boškailo A. & Dudević S. 2013. Crvena lista flore Federacije BiH, knjiga 2, Federalno ministarstvo okoliša i turizma, Sarajevo, 348 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Džigurski D., Knežević A., Stojanović S., Nikolić Lj. & Ljevnaić-Mašić B. 2010). The vegetation of canal Novi Sad–Savino Selo. Thaiszia – J. Bot. 20: 137–145.Search in Google Scholar

Fanelli G., De Sanctis M., Gjeta E., Mullaj A. & Attorre F. 2015. The vegetation of the Buna River protected landscape (Albania). Hacquetia 14 (2): 129–174.10.1515/hacq-2015-0008Search in Google Scholar

Filigheddu R., Farrisl E. & Biondi E. 2000. The vegetation Or S’Ena Arrubia lagoon (centre–western Sardinia). Fitosociologia 37 (1): 39–59.Search in Google Scholar

Gigante D. & Venanzoni R. 2007. Aggiornamento alla lista dei syntaxa segnalati per la Regione Umbria (2000–2004). Fitosociologia 44 (1): 249–262.Search in Google Scholar

Gradstein S.R. & Smittenberg J.H. 1977. The hydrophilous vegetation of Western Crete. Vegetatio 34 (2): 65–86.10.1007/BF00054476Search in Google Scholar

Horvat I., Glavac V. & Ellenberg H. 1974. Vegetation Südosteuropas. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 768 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Horvatić S. 1954. Fimbristylion dichotomae – ein neuer verband der Isoetetalia. Vegetatio 5 (1): 448–453.10.1007/BF00299598Search in Google Scholar

Horvatić, S. 1963: Vegetacijska karta otoka Paga s općim pregledom vegetacijskih jedinica hrvatskog primorja. Prirodoslovna istraživanja JAZU 33, Acta biologica 4: 11–187.Search in Google Scholar

Hrivnák R. 2002. Aquatic plant communities in the catchment area of the Ipel’ river in Slovakia and Hungary. Part I. Classes Lemnetea and Charetea fragilis. Thaiszia – J. Bot. 12: 25–50.Search in Google Scholar

Hrivnák R. 2004. The plant communities of Phragmitetalia in the catchment area of the Ipel’ river (Slovakia and Hungary) 1. Reed wetlands (Phragmition communis). Biologia 59: 75–99.Search in Google Scholar

Hrivnák R. 2005. Effect of ecological factors on the zonation of wetland vegetation. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 74: 73–81.10.5586/asbp.2005.011Search in Google Scholar

Hrivnák R. 2009. Macrophyte vegetation of artificial water reservoirs in the Krupinská planina Mts., including the first record of Potametum acutifolii from Slovakia. Hacquetia 8 (2): 159– 174.10.2478/v10028-009-0011-1Search in Google Scholar

Hrivnák R., Kochjarová J. & Ot’ahel’ová H. 2011. Vegetation of the aquatic and marshland habitats in the Orava region, including the first records of Potametum alpini, Potametum zizii and Ranunculo–Juncetum bulbosi in the territory of Slovakia. Biologia 66: 626–637.10.2478/s11756-011-0060-zSearch in Google Scholar

Hulina N. 1973. Vegetacija u podrucju creta u Turopolju. Acta Bot. Croat. 32: 171–180.Search in Google Scholar

Imeri A., Mullaj A. & Dodona E. 2010a. Coastal vegetation of the Lalzi bay (Albania). Bot. Serb. 34: 99–105.Search in Google Scholar

Imeri A., Mullaj A., Gjeta E., Kalajnxhiu A., Kupe L., Shehu J. & Dodona E. 2010b. Preliminary results from the study of flora and vegetation of Ohrid lake. Nat. Montenegr. 9: 253–264.Search in Google Scholar

IUCN 2010. Protection of biodiversity of the Sava River basin floodplains. Habitat Interpretation Sheets Natura 2000 habitat types occurring along the Sava River. Project Results (CD) funded by LIFE III, Swiss SDC, Dutch BBI/Matra and the project partners, 129 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Jasprica N. & Carić M. 2002. Vegetation of the natural park of Hutovo Blato (Neretva river delta, Bosnia and Herzegovina). Biologia 57: 505–516.Search in Google Scholar

Jasprica N., Carić, M. & Batistić M. 2003. The marshland vegetation (Phragmito-Magnocaricetea, Isöeto-Nanojuncetea) and hydrology in the Hutovo Blato Natural park (Neretva River delta, Bosnia and Herzegovina). Phyton (Horn) 43: 281–294.Search in Google Scholar

Jasprica N., Škvorc Ž. & Milović M. 2016. A phytosociological analysis of the Quercus coccifera L. stands in south Albania (NE Mediterranean). Hacquetia 15(1): 49–65.10.1515/hacq-2016-0002Search in Google Scholar

Kamberović J., Barudanović S., Mašić E. & Dedić A. 2014. Marshland vegetation of the order Phragmitetalia on shores of mine pit lakes in north–eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. Biol. Nyssana 5(1): 1–10.Search in Google Scholar

Kenkel N.C. & Orlóci L. 1986. Applying metric and nonmetric multidimensional scaling to ecological studies: some new results. Ecology 67: 919–928.10.2307/1939814Search in Google Scholar

Kłosowski S. 2006. The relationships between environmental factors and the submerged Potametea associations in Lakes of North–eastern Poland. Hydrobiologia 560: 15–29.10.1007/s10750-005-1141-1Search in Google Scholar

Kupusović T. 2012. Environmental management plan for the subproject Mostar Blato (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina). Study of Hydro–engineering Institute of Civil Engineering Faculty, University of Sarajevo, 114 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Laketić D.Lj. 2013. Fitocenološka klasifikacija vegetacije jezerskog tipa. PhD Thesis. Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, 273 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Lakušić D., Blažencić J., Randelović V., Butorac B., Vukojičić S., Zlatković B. et al. 2005. Stanista Srbije – Prirucnik s opisima i osnovnim podacima. In: Lakusic D. (ed.), Staništa Srbije, Rezultati projekta “Harmonizacija nacionalne nomen-klature u klasifikaciji staništa sa standardima medunarodne zajednice”, Institut za Botaniku i Botanicka Bašta “Jevremovac”, Biološki fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Ministarstvo za nauku i zaštitu životne sredine Republike Srbije, 684 pp. Available at http://habitat.bio.bg.ac.rs/nacionalne_klasifikacije_staništa.htm [last accessed on June 23, 2016].Search in Google Scholar

Lakušić D., Liber Z., Nikolić T., Surina B., Kovačić S., Bogdanović S. & Stefanović S. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of the Campanula pyramidalis species complex (Campanulaceae) inferred from chloroplast and nuclear non–coding sequences and its taxonomic implications. Taxon 62 (3): 505–524.10.12705/623.1Search in Google Scholar

Lakušić R. 1966. Vegetation of grasslands and pastures at the Bjelasica Mt. God. Biol. Inst. u Sarajevu 19: 25–186.Search in Google Scholar

Lakušić R., Pavlović D., Abadžić S. & Grgić P. 1977. Prodromus biljnih zajednica Bosne i Hercegovne. God. Biol. Inst. u Sarajevu (spec. publ.) 30: 1–87.Search in Google Scholar

Lakušić R., Muratspahić–Pavlović D. & Redžić S. 1982. Vegetacija ekosistema kraških polja Hercegovine. God. Biol. Inst. u Sarajevu 35: 81–92.Search in Google Scholar

Landucci F., Gigante D., Venanzoni R. & Chytrý M. 2013. Wetland vegetation of the class Phragmito–Magno–Caricetea in central Italy. Phytocoenologia 43 (1–2): 67–100.10.1127/0340-269X/2013/0043-0545Search in Google Scholar

Landucci F., Šumberová K., Aunina L., Bobrov A., Borsukevych L., Carni A., et WetVegEurope partners 2014. The first overview of aquatic and marshland plant communities of Europe: how are they distributed and represented in European vegetation databases? Book of Abstracts of 13th Meeting on Vegetation Databases “Vegetation Databases and Ecological Restoration”. Koblenz, pp. 11-11, February 24–26, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

Landucci F., Reznícková M., Šumberová, K., Chytrý M., Aunina, L, Biţă–Nicolae, C. et WetVegEurope partners 2015. WetVegEurope: a database of aquatic and wetland vegetation of Europe. Phytocoenologia 45 (1–2): 187–194.10.1127/phyto/2015/0050Search in Google Scholar

Lasić A., Jasprica N., Morović M., Kapetanović T., Carić M., Dresković N. & Mitić B. 2014. Ecological characteristics of plant species and associations along two Dinaric karstic rivers (Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Balkans). Biologia 69: 40–52.10.2478/s11756-013-0282-3Search in Google Scholar

Lastrucci L., Paci F. & Raffaelli M. 2010. The wetland vegetation of the Natural Reserves and neighbouring stretches of the Arno river in the Arezzo province (Tuscany, Central Italy). Fitosociologia 47 (1): 31–61.Search in Google Scholar

Lastrucci L., Landucci F., Gonnelli V., Barocco R., Foggi B. & Venanzoni R. 2012. The vegetation of the upper and middle River Tiber (Central Italy). Plant Sociol. 49 (2): 29–48.Search in Google Scholar

Lubarda B., Stupar V., Milanović Ð. & Stevanović V. 2014. Chorological characterization and distribution of the Balkan endemic vascular flora in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bot. Serb. 38 (1): 167–184.Search in Google Scholar

Lukács B.A., Dévai G. & Tóthmérész B. 2009. Aquatic macrophytes as bioindicators of water chemistry in nutrient rich backwaters along the Upper–Tisza river (in Hungary). Phytocoenologia 39: 287–293.10.1127/0340-269X/2009/0039-0287Search in Google Scholar

Matuszkiewicz W. 2008. Przewodnik do oznaczania zbiorow iskróslinnych Polski. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, 542 pp.Search in Google Scholar

McCune B. & Mefford M.J. 2006. PC–ORD: multivariate analysis of ecological data. Version 5.14. MJM Software Design, Gleneden Beach, Oregon.Search in Google Scholar

Mierwald U. 1988. Die Vegetation der Kleingewässer landwirtschaftlich genutzter Flächen. Mitteilungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Geobotanik in Schleswig–Holstein und Hamburg, Heft 39, Kiel, 286 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Milanović Ð., Brujić J., Ðug S., Muratović E. & Lukić–Bilela L. 2015. Vodic kroz tipove staništa BiH prema Direktivi o staništima EU. Prospect C&S s.a., Brussels, 190 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Milenović V. & Randelović N. 2005. Ass Sparganio–Glyceriietum fluitantantis Br.–Bl. u dolini Moravice. In: Randelović V. (ed.), Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of flora of southeastern Serbia and neighbouring regions, pp. 61–65, Niš, June 20–24, 2005.Search in Google Scholar

Milosavljević R.N. 1973. Klima Bosne i Hercegovine. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, 386 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Molina J. A. & Moreno P.S. 2003. Diversity of the helophytic vegetation in Spain. Acta Bot. Gallica 150 (2): 167–193.10.1080/12538078.2003.10515417Search in Google Scholar

Mueller–Dombois D. & Ellenberg H. 1974. Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 547 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Nagengast B. & Ostapiuk J. 2004. Roślinność wodna i bagienna drobnych zbiorników śródpolnych okolic Tarnowa Podgórnego. Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu 363: 209–229.Search in Google Scholar

Neuhäuslová Z. & Douda J. 2013. KAC Salicion albae de Soó 1951, pp. 63–64. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace Ceské republiky. 4. Lesní a krovinná vegetace. Academia, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Oberdorfer, E. 1977. Süddeutsche Pflanzengesellschaften. Teil I. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York, 311 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Ot’ahełová H. 1995a. Lemnetea de Bolós et Masclans 1955, pp. 151–179. In: Valachovič M. (ed.), Rastlinné spolocenstvá Slovenska 1. Pionierska vegetácia. Veda, Bratislava, pp. 129–150.Search in Google Scholar

Ot’ahełová H. 1995b. Potametea R. Tx. et Preising 1942. In: Valachovič M. (ed.), Rastlinne spolocenstva Slovenska 1. Pionierska vegetacia. Veda, Bratislava.Search in Google Scholar

Ot’ahełová H. 2001. Phragmition communis, pp. 63–86. In: Valachovič M. (ed.), Rastlinné spolocenstvá Slovenska 3. Vegetácia mokradí, Veda, Bratislava.Search in Google Scholar

Papastergiadou E. & Babalonas D. 1993. The relationships between hydrochemical environmental factors and the aquatic macrophytic vegetation in stagnant and slow flowing waters. I. Water quality and distribution of aquatic associations. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 90: 475–491.Search in Google Scholar

Parise M. & Gunn J. (eds.) 2007. Natural and anthropogenic hazards in karst areas: Recognition, Analysis and Mitigation. Geological Society, London, sp. publ. 279, 202 pp.10.1144/SP279.1Search in Google Scholar

Pedrotti F. 2008. La vegetazione delle marcite di Norcia (Italia centrale). Braun–Blanquetia 44: 1–31.Search in Google Scholar

Petrović D., Hadžiablahović S., Vuksanović S., Mačić V. & Lakušić D. 2012. Katalog tipova staništa Crne Gore znacajnih za Europsku uniju. Podgorica, Beograd, Zagreb, 116 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Pielech R. 2015. Formalised classification and environmental controls of riparian forest communities in the Sudetes (SW Poland). Tuexenia 35: 155–176.Search in Google Scholar

Pott R. 1995. Die Pflanzengesellschaften Deutschlands. 2. Aufl. Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. 622 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Randelović V., Blaženčić J. & Blaženčić Ž. 1993. Hydrophilous and hygrophilous vegetation in Krka River. Arch. Biol. Sci. Belgrade 45 (3–4): 137–146.Search in Google Scholar

Randelović V., Matejić J. & Zlatković B. 2007. Flora and vegetation of Batušinačke swamps near Niš. In: Randelović V. (ed.), Proceeding of the 9th Symposium on flora of southeastern Serbia and neighbouring regions, Niš, pp. 19–40, September 1–3, 2007.Search in Google Scholar

Randelović V.N. & Zlatković B.K. 2010. Flora i vegetacija Vlasinske visoravni. Faculty of Science, University of Niš, Niš–Punta, 448 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Rauš D., Šegulja N. & Topić J. 1978. Prilog poznavanju mocvarne i vodene vegetacije bara u nizinskim šumama Slavonije. Acta Bot. Croat. 37: 131–147.Search in Google Scholar

Redžić S. 2007. Syntaxonomic diversity as an indicator of ecological diversity– case study Vranica Mts in the Central Bosnia. Biologia 62: 173–184.10.2478/s11756-007-0026-3Search in Google Scholar

Redžić S., Barudanović S. & Radević M. (eds.) 2008. Bosna i Hercegovina – zemlja raznolikosti. Pregled i stanje biološke i pejzažne raznolikosti Bosne i Hercegovine: prvi izvještaj Bosne i Hercegovine za konvenciju o biološkoj raznolikosti. Federalno ministarstvo okoliša i turizma, Sarajevo. 164 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Redžić S., Barudanović S., Trakić S. & Kulijer D. 2011. Vascular plant biodiversity richness and endo–relictness of karst mountains Prenj, Cvrsnica and Cabulja in Bosnia and Herzegovina (W. Balkan). Acta Carsol. 40 (3): 527–555.10.3986/ac.v40i3.64Search in Google Scholar

Ritter–Studnicka H. 1954. Flora i vegetacija livada kraških polja. God. Biol. Inst. u Sarajevu 7(1–2): 25–110.Search in Google Scholar

Ritter–Studnicka H. 1974. Die Karstpoljen Bosniens und der Hercegovina als Reliktstandorte und die Eigentümlichkeit ihrer Vegetation. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 94 (2): 139–189.Search in Google Scholar

Rivas–Martínez S., Penas A. & Díaz T.E. 2004. Biogeographic Map of Europe. Cartographic Service. University of León, Spain. Available at: www.globalbioclimatics.org/form/bimed.htm [last accessed on February 20, 2016].Search in Google Scholar

Rodwell J.S. (ed.) 1995. British Plant Communities Volume 4: Aquatic communities, swamps and tall–herb fens. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 295 pp.10.1017/9780521391689Search in Google Scholar

Sádlo J. 2011. MCE03 Beruletum erectae Roll 1938, pp. 505–508. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace Ceské republiky. 3. Vodní a mokradní vegetace. Academia, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Sanda V., Öllerer K. & Burescu P. 2008. Fitocenozele din România: sintaxonomie, structurǎ, dinamicǎ şi evoluţie. Ars Docendi, Universitatea din Bucureşti, 570 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Sarika–Hatzinikolaou M., Yannitsaros A. & Babalonas D. 2003. The macrophytic vegetation of seven aquatic ecosystems of Epirus (NW Greece). Phytocoenologia 33 (1): 93–151.10.1127/0340-269X/2003/0033-0093Search in Google Scholar

Schaminée J.H.J., Stortelder A.H.F. & Weeda E.J. 1996. De Vegetatie van Nederland. Deel 3. Plantengemeenschappen van Graslanden, Zomen en Droge Heiden. Opulus Press, Uppsala, 356 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Schratt L. 1993. Lemnetea, pp. 31–44. In: Grabherr G. & Mucina L. (eds.), Die Pflanzengesellschaften Österreichs. Teil II. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.Search in Google Scholar

Stančić Z. 2007. Marshland vegetation of the class Phragmito–Magnocaricetea in Croatia. Biologia 62: 297–314.10.2478/s11756-007-0052-1Search in Google Scholar

Stančić S. 2010. Marshland vegetation of the class Phragmito–Magnocaricetea in northwest Croatia (Krapina river valley). Biologia 65: 39–53.10.2478/s11756-009-0232-2Search in Google Scholar

Stančić Z., Žganec K. & Gottstein S. 2010. Marshland vegetation of Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatia). Candollea 65 (1): 147–167.10.15553/c2010v651a16Search in Google Scholar

Ştefan N., Sârbu I. & Manzu C. 2006. Contributions to the study of vegetation frome the Dranov and Belciug lakes area (Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve II). Bul. Grǎd. Bot. Iasi. 13: 19–32.Search in Google Scholar

Šilc U. 2003. Vegetation of the class Salicetea purpureae in Dolen–jska (SE Slovenia). Fitosociologia 40 (2): 3–27.Search in Google Scholar

Šilc U. & Čarni A. 2012. Conspectus of vegetation syntaxa in Slovenia. Hacquetia 11 (1): 113–164.10.2478/v10028-012-0006-1Search in Google Scholar

Šilc U., Aćić S., Škvorc Ž., Krstonošić D., Franjić J. & Dajić Stevanović Z. 2014. Grassland vegetation of the Molinio–Arrhenatheretea class in the NW Balkan Peninsula. Appl. Veg. Sci. 17 (3): 591–603.10.1111/avsc.12094Search in Google Scholar

Šilić Č. 1972/73. Nova nalazišta nekih rijetkih i manje poznatih biljnih vrsta u flori Bosne i Hercegovine. Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosne Hercegovine 12–13: 59–79.Search in Google Scholar

Šilić Č. 1996. List of botanical species (Pteridophyta and Sper–matophyta) for the Red book of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosne Hercegovine N.S. 31: 323–367.Search in Google Scholar

Šilić Č. & Abadžić S. 1989. Prikaz makrofitske vegetacije Buškog jezera (Bosna) i užeg priobalnog područja, Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosne Hercegovine 28: 129–141.Search in Google Scholar

Štambuk–Giljanović N. 2003. Comparison of Dalmatian water evaluation indices. Water Environ. Res. 75: 388–405.10.2175/106143003X141196Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Šumberová K. 2011a. VAA02 Lemnetum minoris von Soó 1927, pp. 49–52. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace. Academia, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Šumberová K. 2011b. VBB05 Potametum perfoliati Miljan 1933. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodni a mokradni vegetace. Academia, Praha, pp. 152–155.Search in Google Scholar

Šumberová K. 2011c. VBB02 Potametum graminei Lang 1967, pp. 138–141. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace Ceske republiky. 3. Vodni a mokradni vegetace. Academia, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Šumberová K. 2011d. VBA02 Nymphaeetum albae Vollmar 1947, pp. 111–114. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace Ceske republiky. 3. Vodni a mokradni vegetace. Academia, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Šumberová K. & Chytrý M. 2011. Phragmito–Magno-Caricetea Klika in Klika et Novak 1941, pp. 386–391. In: Chytrý, M. (ed.), Vegetace Ceske republiky. 3. Vodni a mokradni vegetace Academia, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Testi A., Guidotti S., Bisceglie S. & Fanelli G. 2009. Detecting river environmental quality through plant and macroinvertebrate indicators in the Aniene River (Central Italy). Aquat. Ecol. 43: 477–486.10.1007/s10452-008-9205-8Search in Google Scholar

Tomaszewicz H. 1977. Proposal of new syntaxonomic classification of Myriophyllo–Nupharetum W. Koch 1926 phytocenoses and their distribution in Poland H. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 46 (3): 423–436.10.5586/asbp.1977.033Search in Google Scholar

Tomaszewicz H. & Klosowski S. 1985. Roślinność wodna i szuwarowa jezior Pojezierza Sejnenskiego. Monogr. Bot. 67: 1–141.Search in Google Scholar

Trinajstić I. 2008. Biljne zajednice Republike Hrvatske. Akade–mija sumarskih znanosti, Zagreb, 179 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Tzonev R.T., Dimitrov M.A., & Roussakova V.H. 2009. Syntaxa according to the Braun–Blanquet approach in Bulgaria. Phy–tol. Bale. 15 (2): 209–233.Search in Google Scholar

van der Maarel E. 1979. Transformation of cover–abundance values in phytosociology and its effects on community similarity. Vegetatio 39: 97–114.10.1007/978-94-009-9194-1_17Search in Google Scholar

Venanzoni R. & Gigante D. 2000. Contributo alla conoscenza della vegetazione degli ambienti umidi dell’Umbria R. Fitoso–ciologia 37 (2): 13–63.Search in Google Scholar

Vladović D., Ževrnja N., Mekinić S. & Piasevoli G. 2016. Prilog vegetaciji i flori otoka Braca (Dalmacija, Hrvatska). Glas. Hrvat. bot. druš. 4 (1): 32–35.Search in Google Scholar

Vukelić J. 2012. Šumska vegetacija Hrvatske. Šumarski fakultet, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb, 403 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Wilczek Z., Chabowska Z. & Zarzycki W. 2015. Alien and invasive species in plant communities of the Vistula and Brennica rivers gravel bars (Western Carpathians, Poland). Bio–div. Res. Conserv. 38: 57–62.10.1515/biorc-2015-0011Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2016-5-9
Accepted: 2016-6-28
Published Online: 2016-8-11
Published in Print: 2016-7-1

©2016 Institute of Botany, Slovak Academy of Sciences