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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 18, 2014

Inductive coupling links for lowest misalignment effects in transcutaneous implanted devices

  • Saad Mutashar Abbas EMAIL logo , Mahammad A. Hannan , Salina A. Samad and Aini Hussain


Use of transcutaneous inductive links is a widely known method for the wireless powering of bio-implanted devices such as implanted microsystems. The design of the coil for inductive links is generally not optimal. In this study, inductive links were used on the basis of the small loop antenna theory to reduce the effects of lateral coil misalignments on the biological human tissue model at 13.56 MHz. The tissue, which measures 60 mm×70 mm×5 mm, separates the reader and the implanted coils. The aligned coils and the lateral misalignment coils were investigated in different parametric x-distance misalignments. The optimal coil layout was developed on the basis of the layout rules presented in previous studies. Results show that the gain around the coils, which were separated by wet and dry skin, was constant and confirmed the omnidirectional radiation pattern even though the lateral misalignment between coils was smaller or greater than the implanted coil radius. This misalignment can be <4 mm or >6 mm up to 8 mm. Moreover, coil misalignments and skin condition do not affect the efficient performance of the coil.

Corresponding author: Saad Mutashar Abbas, Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi Selangor, Malaysia, E-mail: ; and Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq


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Received: 2013-1-17
Accepted: 2013-12-11
Published Online: 2014-1-18
Published in Print: 2014-6-1

©2014 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

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