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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 6, 2019

Realisation and assessment of a low-cost LED device for contact lens disinfection by visible violet light

  • Katharina Hoenes , Ulla Wenzel and Martin Hessling ORCID logo EMAIL logo


This study presents a device for efficient, low-cost and eye-friendly overnight disinfection of contact lenses by visible violet light as an alternative to disinfection with biocide-containing solutions. Bacterial solutions with one Pseudomonas and one Staphylococcus strain each were irradiated for up to 8 h in commercial transparent contact lens cases by the presented light-emitting diode (LED) device. Samples were taken at different intervals and distributed on agar plates. The surviving bacteria were determined by counting of colony-forming units and compared to the specific requirements of the stand-alone test for contact lens disinfection of the hygiene standard ISO 14729. The concentration of both microorganisms was reduced by three orders of magnitude after less than 4 h of irradiation. The LED current and intensity have not yet been at maximum and could be further increased if necessary for other microorganisms. The presented device fulfils the requirement of the stand-alone test of the contact lens hygienic standard ISO 14729 for the tested Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus strains. According to literature data, the inactivation of Serratia marcescens, Candida albicans and Fusarium solani seems also possible, but may require increased LED current and intensity.

  1. Author Statement

  2. Research Funding: K. Hoenes was financially supported by a PhD scholarship of Cusanuswerk (Bonn, Germany – an Institution of the German Catholic Church).

  3. Conflict of interest statement: K. Hoenes, and M. Hessling have filed a German patent application (DE 10 2016 009 175 A1).

  4. Informed consent: Informed consent is not applicable.

  5. Ethical approval: The conducted research is not related to either human or animal use.


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Received: 2019-09-02
Accepted: 2019-10-25
Published Online: 2019-12-06
Published in Print: 2020-08-27

©2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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