Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 29, 2014

The occurrence of Dictyota canariensis (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) in the Gulf of Mexico

Jorge G. Lozano-Orozco, Abel Sentíes, Jhoana Díaz-Larrea, Francisco F. Pedroche and Olivier de Clerck
From the journal Botanica Marina

Abstract

The brown alga Dictyota canariensis (Grunow) Tronholm has so far been reported only from the eastern Atlantic Ocean (Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira). In the present work, we record the species for the first time from the shores of the Gulf of Mexico, occurring in Montepío, Veracruz. The specimens were collected in December 2011 and October 2013, growing in the intertidal zone on moderately exposed rocky shores. To confirm the identification, we conducted phylogenetic analyses, combining the partial sequences of psbA and cox1 genes of l7 taxa. The low uncorrected “p” distance values obtained between Mexican and Canary Island specimens for each gene (0.3% for psbA and 1.8% for cox1) are indicative that these specimens most likely belong to the same species. The low genetic divergence is corroborated by morphological observations, which show that the Mexican specimens share the presence of rectangular pigmented patches near the rounded to obtuse apices, margins with triangle-shaped teeth, and a monostromatic medulla with D. canariensis. Additionally, male reproductive structures are described for the first time for this species.


Corresponding author: Jorge G. Lozano-Orozco, Doctorado en Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, A.P. 55-535, Mexico, D.F. 09340, Mexico; and Departamento de Hidrobiología, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, A.P. 55-535, Mexico, D.F. 09340, Mexico, e-mail:

Acknowledgments

The first author thanks R. Mondragon for helping him with portions of this paper. This study was supported by UAM-Iztapalapa, and PROMEP (UAMI-CA-117) and partially by a National Council of Science and Technology (CONACyT 218084) fellowship to J. Lozano. This paper contains some results from the Doctoral thesis of J. Lozano in the Doctorado en Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud graduate program of the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.

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Received: 2013-11-14
Accepted: 2014-9-4
Published Online: 2014-9-29
Published in Print: 2014-10-1

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