Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 23, 2018

The Chlorophytes of Curaçao (Caribbean): a revised checklist for the south-west coast

Anna Fricke, Tamara V. Titlyanova, Mirta Teichberg, Maggy M. Nugues and Kai Bischof
From the journal Botanica Marina

Abstract

The global trend of unprecedented losses in coral reefs is particularly striking in the Caribbean, where dense algal assemblages are commonly replacing corals. So far, hardly anything is known about the ecology of the dominant algal groups. The present study compiled records of Chlorophytes from nine studies in the shallow reefs of Curaçao in the years preceding the onset of coral reef decline (1908–1978) and compared them with records from three recent (2007–2009) expeditions conducted at the same and nearby study locations along the south-west coast of the island. A total of 107 species were encountered, including seven new records for Curaçao (Anadyomene saldanhae, Bryopsis hypnoides, Chaetomorpha minima, Derbesia fastigiata, Ulva flexuosa subsp. paradoxa, Ulvella scutata and Ulvella lens). Sampled material revealed a higher species number during the dry seasons than during the wet seasons, indicating a seasonal variation in algal growth. Most species grew on hard substratum or were epibiotic, and 13 species were found growing on more than one substratum. Comparisons with earlier studies suggest an extension in depth range for nine species. The present work provides a comprehensive overview of the distribution of Chlorophytes of the island and can serve as an important baseline for further research on coral reef ecosystem changes.

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Bremen International Graduate School for Marine Sciences (GLOMAR) funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) within the frame of the Excellence Initiative by the German federal and state governments to promote science and research at German universities. We like to thank Prof. Rolf Bak and the staff of the CARMABI foundation: Dr. Mark J.A. Vermeij, Dr. Adolphe Debrot, Carlos Winterdaal, Oscar Frans, Sislin Rosalia et al. for friendly support.

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Supplemental Material:

The online version of this article offers supplementary material (https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2017-0072).

Received: 2017-9-24
Accepted: 2017-12-19
Published Online: 2018-1-23
Published in Print: 2018-1-26

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