Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 23, 2019

A 20-year update on the state of seaweed resources in Italy

Antonella Petrocelli ORCID logo and Ester Cecere
From the journal Botanica Marina

Abstract

This article presents an update of the situation regarding the seaweed resources of Italy 20 years after the first assessment. A search for companies working with seaweed in Italy was conducted. In addition, the literature published over the last 20 years on seaweed biodiversity, alien species, harvests, industrial processing and biomass use was carefully examined and the results are discussed. There are a great many floristic studies, tackling both indigenous and non-indigenous species, although some geographical areas are less studied than others. The number of studies of the use of biomass has increased in the last decade. However, it is apparent that despite the considerable know-how concerning seaweed species, their properties and potential applications, Italy is still behind in seaweed exploitation compared to other countries.

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the kind cooperation of a number of Italian companies who provided valuable information on their activities. George Metcalf revised the English text.

References

Abdelahad, N., R. D’Archino and E. Pepe D’Amato. 2002. Flora illustrata delle alghe marine delle coste laziali (Italia Centrale). I. Rhodophyta (Corallinales escluse). Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Regione Lazio. CD-Rom. Search in Google Scholar

Alabiso, G., A. Petrocelli, E. Cecere and M. Aresta. 2005. A photobioreactor prototipe for culturing macroalgae for carbon dioxide abatement. Proc. of the 10th International Conference on Applied Phycology, 24–28 July 2005, Kunming, China. p. 66, abstract n° P1–4. Search in Google Scholar

Alabiso, G., E. Cecere, A. Petrocelli and P. Ricci. 2007. Ammonium uptake by Gracilaria dura (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales) from the Mar Piccolo of Taranto. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 14: 268–269. Search in Google Scholar

Alabiso, G., P. Ricci, M. Belmonte, A. Petrocelli and E. Cecere. 2009. Ammonium uptake by Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) Steentoft, Irvine et Farnham (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) from the Mar Piccolo of Taranto. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 16: 246–247. Search in Google Scholar

Alongi, G., M. Cormaci, G. Furnari and M. Catra. 2012. Floristic macroalgal diversity in selected submarine caves located within two marine protected areas off Lampedusa Island and Sicily (Italy). Bot. Mar. 55: 387–397. Search in Google Scholar

Aresta, M., A. Dibenedetto, I. Tommasi, E. Cecere, M. Narracci, A. Petrocelli and C. Perrone. 2003. The use of marine macroalgae as renewable energy source for reducing CO2 emissions. In: (J. Gale and Y. Kaya, eds) Greenhouse gas control technologies vol. II. Pergamon, Oxford. pp. 1497–1502. Search in Google Scholar

Aresta, M., G. Alabiso, E. Cecere, M. Carone, A. Dibenedetto and A. Petrocelli. 2005a. Influence of CO2 concentration on the abundance of fatty acids in the macroalga Chaetomorpha linum (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta). Proc. of the 8th International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization (ICCDU VIII), 20–23 June 2005 Oslo, Norway. p. 206. Search in Google Scholar

Aresta, M., A. Dibenedetto and G. Barberio. 2005b. Utilization of macro-algae for enhanced CO2 fixation and biofuels production: development of a computing software for an LCA study. Fuel Process. Technol. 86: 1679–1693. Search in Google Scholar

Armeli Minicante, S., M. Morabito, G. Genovese and A. Sfriso. 2015. Study of seaweed biodiversity in Venice Lagoon using DNA barcoding. Eur. J. Phycol. 50 suppl 1: 8. Search in Google Scholar

Armeli Minicante, S., S. Michelet, F. Bruno, G. Castelli, F. Vitale, A. Sfriso, M. Morabito and G. Genovese. 2016. Bioactivity of phycocolloids against the Mediterranean protozoan Leishmania infantum: an inceptive study. Sustainability 8: 1131. Search in Google Scholar

Beaumont, N.J., M.C. Austen, J.P. Atkins, D. Burdon, S. Degraer, T.P. Dentinho, S. Derous, P. Holm, T. Horton, E. van Ierland, A.H. Marboe, D.J. Starkey, M. Townsend and T. Zarzycki. 2007. Identification, definition and quantification of goods and services provided by marine biodiversity: implications for the ecosystem approach. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 54: 253–265. Search in Google Scholar

Beaumont, N.J., M.C. Austen, S.C. Mangi and M. Townsend. 2008. Economic valuation for the conservation of marine biodiversity. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 56: 386–396. Search in Google Scholar

Bedini, R., L. Bonechi and L. Piazzi. 2011. Spread of the introduced red alga Lophocladia lallemandii in the Tuscan Archipelago (NW Mediterranean Sea). Cryptogamie, Algol. 32: 383–391. Search in Google Scholar

Berry, P.M., V. Fabók, M. Blicharska, Y.K. Bredin, M.G. Llorente, E. Kovács, N. Geamana, A. Stanciu, M. Termansen, T. Jääskeläinen, J.R. Haslett and P.A. Harrison. 2018. Why conserve biodiversity? A multi-national exploration of stakeholders’ view on the arguments for biodiversity conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 27: 1741–1762. Search in Google Scholar

Bhadury, P. and P.C. Wright. 2004. Exploitation of marine algae: biogenic compounds for potential antifouling applications. Planta 219: 561–578. Search in Google Scholar

Biandolino, F., A. Petrocelli, E. Prato, L. Stabili and E. Cecere. 2009. Gracilaria gracilis and Gracilaria dura two red algae from a transitional water system, the Mar Piccolo of Taranto, useful in the fodder industry. Proc. of the 3rd Lagunet Congress Conservazione, valorizzazione e ripristino ambientale in ecosistemi di transizione, 1–4 October 2009, Orbetello, Italy. p. 80. Search in Google Scholar

Caliceti, M., E. Argese, A. Sfriso and B. Pavoni. 2002. Heavy metal contamination in the seaweeds of the Venice lagoon. Chemosphere 47: 443–454. Search in Google Scholar

Calogero, G., I. Citro, G. Di Marco, S. Armeli Minicante, M. Morabito and G. Genovese. 2014. Brown seaweed pigment as a dye source for photoelectrochemical solar cells. Spectrochim. Acta A 117: 702–706. Search in Google Scholar

Cantasano, N. 2006. La flora algale delle coste tirreniche calabresi. Proc. of the Riunione Scientifica Annuale del Gruppo di Lavoro per l’Algologia della Società Botanica Italiana, 24–25 November 2006, Catania, Italy. p. 3. Search in Google Scholar

Cantasano, N., G. Pellicone and V. Di Martino. 2017. The spread of Caulerpa cylindracea in Calabria (Italy) and the effects of shipping activities. Ocean Coast. Manage. 144: 51–58. Search in Google Scholar

Cavallo, R.A., M.I. Acquaviva, L. Stabili, E. Cecere, A. Petrocelli and M. Narracci. 2013. Antibacterial activity of marine macroalgae against fish pathogenic Vibrio species. Cent. Eur. J. Biol. 8: 646–653. Search in Google Scholar

Ceccherelli, G., S. Pinna, V. Cusseddu and F. Bulleri. 2014. The role of disturbance in promoting the spread of the invasive seaweed Caulerpa racemosa in seagrass meadows. Biol. Invasions 16: 2737–2745. Search in Google Scholar

Cecchi, E., P. Gennaro, L. Piazzi, E. Ricevuto and F. Serena. 2014. Development of a new biotic index for ecological status assessment of Italian coastal waters based on coralligenous macroalgal assemblages. Eur. J. Phycol. 49: 298–312. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E. 1998. Seaweeds resources of Italy. In: (A.T. Critchley and M. Ohno, eds) Seaweeds resources of the World. Japan International Cooperation Agency, Yokosuka, Japan. pp. 245–257. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E. and A. Petrocelli. 2009. The Mar Piccolo of Taranto. In: (E. Cecere, A. Petrocelli, G. Izzo and A. Sfriso, eds) Flora and vegetation of the Italian transitional water systems. CoRiLa, Stampa Multigraf Spinea, Venezia. pp. 195–227. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., A. Petrocelli and O.D. Saracino. 2000. Undaria pinnatifida (Fucophyceae, Laminariales) spread in the central Mediterranean: its occurrence in the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Ionian Sea, Southern Italy). Cryptogamie Algol. 21: 305–309. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., A. Petrocelli and M. Verlaque. 2004. Morphology and vegetative reproduction of the introduced species Hypnea cornuta (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) in the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Italy, Mediterranean Sea). Bot. Mar. 47: 381–388. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., M. Aresta, G. Alabiso, M. Carone, A. Di Benedetto and A. Petrocelli. 2005a. The macroalga Chaetomorpha linum (Cladophorales, Clorophyta) for carbon dioxide abatement and biofuels production. Proc. of the 10th International Conference on Applied Phycology, 24–28 July 2005, Kunming, China. p. 69, abstract n° P1–9. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., G. Fanelli, C. Pierri, G. Portacci, R.A. Cavallo, A. Petrocelli, L. Stabili, M. Licciano, L. Trianni and A. Giangrande. 2005b. Sustainable use of coastal lagoons: integrated polyculture activity in the Mar Piccolo in Taranto (southern Italy). Proc. of the 2nd International conference on Coastal Lagoons, European lagoons and their watersheds: function and biodiversity, 4–9 October 2005, Klaipeda, Lithuania. p. 122, abstract n° D97. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., A. Petrocelli, G. Izzo and A. Sfriso. (Eds) 2009. Flora and vegetation of the Italian transitional water systems. CoRiLa, Stampa Multigraf Spinea, Venezia, pp. 278. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., M. Acquaviva, M. Belmonte, F. Biandolino, R.A. Cavallo, R. Lo Noce, M. Narracci, A. Petrocelli, P. Ricci, L. Stabili and G. Alabiso. 2010. Seaweeds and aquaculture: an indispensable alliance for the integrated management of coastal zone. Biol. Mar. Medit. 17: 138–141. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., G. Portacci and A. Petrocelli. 2014. Finding of the Codium fragile subsp. fragile (Chlorophyta, Bryopsidales) alien seaweed in the Miseno Lake Transitional Water System (southern Italy): an update of its distribution in Italy and in the Mediterranean Sea. Biol. Mar. Medit. 21: 77–80. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., A. Petrocelli, M. Belmonte, G. Portacci and F. Rubino. 2016a. Activities and vectors responsible for the biological pollution in the Taranto Seas (Mediterranean Sea, southern Italy): a review. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 23: 12797–12810. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., G. Alabiso, R. Carlucci, A. Petrocelli and M. Verlaque. 2016b. Fate of two invasive or potentially invasive alien seaweeds in a central Mediterranean transitional water system: failure and success. Bot. Mar. 59: 451–462. Search in Google Scholar

Cecere, E., G. Portacci and A. Petrocelli. 2016c. Alien seaweeds as indicators of environmental impacts: the case of the Phlegrean Lakes Fusaro and Miseno Lakes (Gulf of Naples, Tyrrhenian Sea). Biol. Mar. Medit. 23: 106–107. Search in Google Scholar

Ceschia, C., A. Falace and R. Warwick. 2007. Biodiversity evaluation of the macroalgal flora of the Gulf of Trieste (Northern Adriatic Sea) using taxonomic distinctness indices. Hydrobiologia 580: 43–56. Search in Google Scholar

Chopin, T., J.A. Cooper, G. Reid, S. Cross and C. Moore. 2012. Open-water integrated multi-trophic aquaculture: environmental biomitigation and economic diversification of fed aquaculture by extractive aquaculture. Rev. Aquac. 4: 209–220. Search in Google Scholar

Cossu, A., G. Ceccherelli, D. Pala and F. Ragazzola. 2004. First record of Caulerpa taxifolia in Sardinia: implication for coastal conservation and management of protected areas. Proc. of the 9th ISSRM, Global Challenges of Parks and Protected Area Management, 10–13 October 2002, La Maddalena, Italy. p. 183. Search in Google Scholar

Cottafavi, U. 2004. Dal mare i conservanti naturali per l’industria della cosmesi. Modena Economica 5: 40–41. Search in Google Scholar

Craigie, J.S. 2011. Seaweed extract stimuli in plant science and agriculture. J. Appl. Phycol. 23: 371–393. Search in Google Scholar

Cuomo, V., J. Merrill, I. Palomba and A. Perretti. 1993. Systematic collection of Ulva and mariculture of Porphyra: biotechnology against eutrophication in the Venice Lagoon. Int. J. Environ. Stud. 43: 141–149. Search in Google Scholar

Cuomo, V., J. Merrill, I. Palomba, L.D. Maio, M. Gargiulo, A. Cuomo and C. Sebastio. 1997. Mariculture with seaweed and mussels for marine environmental restoration and resources production. Int. J. Environ. Stud. 52: 297–310. Search in Google Scholar

D’Archino, R., N. Abdelahad and E. Pepe D’Amato. 2004. Flora illustrata delle alghe marine delle coste laziali (Italia Centrale). II. Phaeophyceae. Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Regione Lazio. CD-Rom. Search in Google Scholar

D’Archino, R., N. Abdelahad and E. Pepe D’Amato. 2005. Flora illustrata delle alghe marine delle coste laziali (Italia Centrale). III. Chlorophyta. IV. Corallinales. Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Regione Lazio. CD-Rom. Search in Google Scholar

Faggio, C., M. Pagano, M. Morabito, S. Armeli Minicante, F. Arfuso and G. Genovese. 2014. In vitro assessment of the effect of Undaria pinnatifida extracts on erythrocytes membrane integrity and blood coagulation parameters of Equus caballus. J. Coast. Life Med. 2: 614–616. Search in Google Scholar

Faggio, C., M. Morabito, S. Armeli Minicante, G. Lo Piano, M. Pagano and G. Genovese. 2015. Potential use of polysaccharides from the brown alga Undaria pinnatifida as anticoagulants. Braz. Arch. Biol. Technol. 58: 798–804. Search in Google Scholar

Faggio, C., M. Pagano, A. Dottore, G. Genovese and M. Morabito. 2016. Evaluation of anticoagulant activity of two algal polysaccharides. Nat. Prod. Res. 30: 1934–1937. Search in Google Scholar

Falace, A. and G. Bressan. 2000. Le macrophytobenthos du Golfe de Trieste: trente ans après. Proc. of the First Mediterranean Symposium on Marine Vegetation, 3–4 October 2000, Ajaccio, Corsica. pp. 136–140. Search in Google Scholar

Falace, A. and G. Bressan. 2004. Habitat restoration: a pilot study of algal transplantation. Biol. Mar. Medit. 11: 499–503. Search in Google Scholar

Falace, A., D. Curiel and A. Sfriso. 2009a. Study of the macrophyte assemblages and application of phytobenthic indices to assess the Ecological Status of the Marano-Grado Lagoon (Italy). Mar. Ecol. 30: 480–494. Search in Google Scholar

Falace, A., A. Sfriso, D. Curiel, G. Mattassi and F. Aleffi. 2009b. The Marano and Grado Lagoon. In: (E. Cecere, A. Petrocelli, G. Izzo and A. Sfriso, eds) Flora and vegetation of the Italian transitional water systems. CoRiLa, Stampa Multigraf Spinea, Venezia. pp. 1–16. Search in Google Scholar

Falace, A., G. Alongi, M. Cormaci, G. Furnari, D. Curiel, E. Cecere and A. Petrocelli. 2010. Changes in the benthic algae along the Adriatic Sea in the last three decades. Chem. Ecol. 26(S1): 77–90. Search in Google Scholar

Falace, A., G. Alongi, S. Kaleb and M. Cormaci. 2013. Guida illustrata alle alghe del golfo di Trieste. Darwin Edizioni, Roma. pp. 168. Search in Google Scholar

Falace, A., S. Kaleb, G. De La Fuente, V. Asnaghi and M. Chiantore. 2018. Ex situ cultivation protocol for Cystoseira amentacea var. stricta (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) from a restoration perspective. PLoS One 13: e0193011. Search in Google Scholar

FAO. 2017. Fisheries and Aquaculture Statistics 2015. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. pp. 107. Search in Google Scholar

Favero, N. and M.G. Frigo. 2002. Biomonitoring of metal availability in the southern basin of the Lagoon of Venice (Italy) by means of macroalgae. Water Air Soil Pollut. 140: 231–246. Search in Google Scholar

Francavilla, M. 2007. Riabilitazione delle acque lagunari salmastre attraverso la gestione di praterie di macroalghe di valore commerciale. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Foggia, Agricultural College, Foggia, Italy. Search in Google Scholar

Francavilla, M., M. Franchi, M. Monteleone and C. Caroppo. 2013. The red seaweed Gracilaria gracilis as a multi products source. Mar. Drugs 11: 3754–3776. Search in Google Scholar

Francavilla, M., P. Manara, P. Kamaterou, M. Monteleone and A. Zabaniotou. 2015. Cascade approach of red macroalgae Gracilaria gracilis sustainable valorization by extraction of phycobiliproteins and pyrolysis of residue. Bioresour. Technol. 184: 305–313. Search in Google Scholar

Furnari, G. 2010. Macroalgae of Italian coast: floristic and vegetational aspects. Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. 43: 1–17. Search in Google Scholar

Furnari, G., G. Giaccone, M. Cormaci, G. Alongi and D. Serio. 2003. Biodiversità marina delle coste italiane: catalogo del macrofitobenthos. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 10: 1–482. Search in Google Scholar

Furnari, G., G. Giaccone, M. Cormaci, G. Alongi, M. Catra, A. Nisi and D. Serio. 2010. Macrophytobenthos. In: (SIBM, ed) Checklist della flora e della fauna dei mari italiani (Parte II). ERREDI Grafiche Editoriali, Genova. pp. 801–828. Search in Google Scholar

Genovese, G., L. Tedone, M.T. Hamann and M. Morabito. 2009. The Mediterranean red alga Asparagopsis: a source of compounds against Leishmania. Mar. Drugs 7: 361–366. Search in Google Scholar

Genovese, G., C. Faggio, C. Gugliandolo, A. Torre, A. Spanò, M. Morabito and T.L. Maugeri. 2012. In vitro evaluation of antibacterial activity of Asparagopsis taxiformis from the Straits of Messina against pathogens relevant in aquaculture. Mar. Environ. Res. 73: 1–6. Search in Google Scholar

Genovese, G., O. Romeo, M. Morabito, D. Alessi, G. Criseo and C. Faggio. 2013. Activity of ethanolic extracts of Asparagopsis taxiformis against the major molecula types of Cryptococcus neoformans/C. gattii complex. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res. 7: 2662–2667. Search in Google Scholar

Giaccone, G., G. Alongi, M. Catra, M. Cormaci, G. Furnari, T. Giaccone and D. Serio 2010. Macrophytobenthos and the ecological status of coastal waters around Sicily. Chem. Ecol. 26 supplement: 241–248. Search in Google Scholar

Glicksman, M. 1987. Utilization of seaweed hydrocolloids in the food industry. Hydrobiologia 151/152: 31–47. Search in Google Scholar

Guala, I., A. Esposito and M.C. Buia. 2004. Biodiversity of macroalgal assemblages in the Gulf of Naples. Proc. of the Incontro scientifico congiunto CoNISMa-AIOL Le scienze naturali, economiche e giuridiche nello studio e per la gestione degli ambienti acquatici, 18–22 October 2004, Terrasini, Italy. Search in Google Scholar

Huesemann, M., G. Roesjadi, J. Benemann and F.B. Metting. 2010. Biofuels from microalge and seaweeds. In: (A.A. Vertès, N. Qureshi, H.P. Blaschek and H. Yukawa, eds) Biomass to biofuels. Strategies for global industries. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. pp. 165–184. Search in Google Scholar

Kok, M.T.J., K. Kok, G.D. Peterson, R. Hill, J. Agard and S.R. Carpenter. 2017. Biodiversity and ecosystem services require IPBES to take novel approach to scenarios. Sustain. Sci. 12: 177–181. Search in Google Scholar

Lenzi, M., R. Palmieri and S. Porrello. 2003. Restoration of eutrophic Orbetello lagoon (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy): water quality management. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 46: 1540–1548. Search in Google Scholar

Lenzi, M., F. Birardi, S. Boddi, R. Roffilli, D. Solari and G. Sartoni. 2009. The Lagoon of Orbetello. In: (E. Cecere, A. Petrocelli, G. Izzo and A. Sfriso, eds) Flora and vegetation of the Italian transitional water systems. CoRiLa, Stampa Multigraf Spinea, Venezia. pp. 111–123. Search in Google Scholar

Lenzi, M., P. Gennaro, I. Mercati, E. Persia, D. Solari and S. Porrello. 2013. Physico-chemical and nutrient variable stratifications in the water column and in macroalgal thalli as a result of high biomass mats in a non-tidal shallow-water lagoon. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 75: 98–104. Search in Google Scholar

Løvstad Holdt, S. and S. Kraan. 2011. Bioactive compounds in seaweed: functional food application and legislation. J. Appl. Phycol. 23: 543–597. Search in Google Scholar

Mac Monagail, M., L. Cornish, L. Morrison, R. Araújo and A. Critchley. 2017. Sustainable harvesting of wild seaweed resources. Eur. J. Phycol. 52: 371–390. Search in Google Scholar

Mannino, A.M., M. Parasporo, F. Crocetta and P. Balistreri. 2017. An updated overview of the marine alien and cryptogenic species from the Egadi Islands Marine Protected Area (Italy). Mar. Biodivers. 47: 469–480. Search in Google Scholar

Marchini, A., J. Ferrario, A. Sfriso and A. Occhipinti-Ambrogi. 2015. Current status and trends of biological invasions in the Lagoon of Venice, a hotspot of marine NIS introductions in the Mediterranean Sea. Biol. Invasions 17: 2943–2962. Search in Google Scholar

Marino, F., G. Di Caro, C. Gugliandolo, A. Spanò, C. Faggio, G. Genovese, M. Morabito, A. Russo, D. Barreca, F. Fazio and A. Santulli. 2016. Preliminary study on the in vitro and in vivo effects of Asparagopsis taxiformis bioactive phycoderivates on Teleosts. Front. Physiol. 7: 459. Search in Google Scholar

Marzocchi, M., D. Badocco, A. Piovan, P. Pastore, V. Di Marco, R. Filippini and R. Caniato. 2016. Metals in Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar and Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt edible seaweeds growing around Venice (Italy). J. Appl. Phycol. 28: 2605–2613. Search in Google Scholar

Messyasz, B., I. Michalak, B. Łęska, G. Schroeder, B. Górka, K. Korzeniowska, J. Lipok, P. Wieczorek, E. Rój, R. Wilk, A. Dobrzyńska-Inger, H. Górecki and K. Chojnacka. 2018. Valuable natural products from marine and freshwater macroalgae obtained from supercritical fluid extracts. J. Appl. Phycol. 30: 591–603. Search in Google Scholar

Migliore, G., C. Alisi, A.R. Sprocati, E. Massi, R. Ciccoli, M. Lenzi, A. Wang and C. Cremisini. 2012. Anaerobic digestion of macroalgal biomass and sediments sourced from the Orbetello lagoon, Italy. Biomass Bioenergy. 42: 69–77. Search in Google Scholar

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and human well-being. Biodiversity synthesis. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. pp. 86. Search in Google Scholar

MIPAAF. 2014. Piano Strategico per l’Acquacoltura in Italia 2014–2020. BCV Associati, Rome. pp. 282. Search in Google Scholar

MIPAAF. 2017. Programma Nazionale Triennale della Pesca e dell’Acquacoltura 2017–2019. Ministero delle politiche agricole alimentari e forestali, Rome. pp. 57. Search in Google Scholar

Neori, A., T. Chopin, M. Troell, A.H. Buschmann, G.P. Kraemer, C. Halling, M. Shpigel and C. Yarish. 2004. Integrated aquaculture: rationale, evolution and state of the art emphasizing seaweed biofiltration in modern mariculture. Aquaculture 231: 361–391. Search in Google Scholar

Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., A. Marchini, G. Cantone, A. Castelli, C. Chimenz, M. Cormaci, C. Froglia, G. Furnari, M.C. Gambi, G. Giaccone, A. Giangrande, C. Gravili, F. Mastrototaro, C. Mazziotti, L. Orsi-Relini and S. Piraino. 2011. Alien species along the Italian coasts: an overview. Biol. Invasions 13: 215–237. Search in Google Scholar

Papa, M., P. Casoria and M. Guida. 2008. Determination of heavy metal in seawater and macroalgae of shorelines of Naples and Ischia Island, Italy. Chem. Ecol. 24 S1: 27–37. Search in Google Scholar

Pavoni, B., M. Caliceti, L. Sperni and A. Sfriso. 2003. Organic micropollutants (PAHs, PCBs, pesticides) in seaweeds of the lagoon of Venice. Oceanol. Acta 26: 585–596. Search in Google Scholar

Pereira, R.C., B.A.P. Da Gama and D.B. Sudatti. 2017. The role of chemically defended seaweeds as biodiversity sources. In: (E. Ólafsson, ed) Marine macrophytes as foundation species. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. pp. 26–42. Search in Google Scholar

Perrone, C. and E. Cecere. 1994. Two solieriacean algae new to the mediterranean: Agardhiella subulata and Solieria filiformis (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). J. Phycol. 30: 98–108. Search in Google Scholar

Petrocelli, A. and E. Cecere. 2010. Macrofitobenthos. Thalassia Salentina 31 suppl.: 21–28. Search in Google Scholar

Petrocelli, A. and E. Cecere. 2015. Invasive Seaweeds: impacts and management actions. In: (J. Canning-Clode, ed) Biological invasions in changing ecosystems. De Gruyter Open, Warsaw/Berlin. pp. 253–275. Search in Google Scholar

Petrocelli, A., O. Saracino, E. Cecere and O. Caciorgna. 1991. Preliminary results on field cultivation of three phycocolloids producing species in Mar Piccolo, Taranto (southern Italy). Oebalia17, 1 Suppl.: 107–118. Search in Google Scholar

Petrocelli, A., A. Basset, G. Belmonte, A. Giangrande, S. Marchiori, P. Medagli and E. Cecere. 2009. The lake of Acquatina. In: (E. Cecere, A. Petrocelli, G. Izzo and A. Sfriso, eds) Flora and vegetation of the Italian transitional water systems. CoRiLa, Stampa Multigraf Spinea, Venezia. pp. 173–181. Search in Google Scholar

Petrocelli, A., G. Portacci and E. Cecere. 2014. The phytobenthos of the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Ionian Sea, southern Italy): a novel of ninety years of disappearances, new arrivals and returns. Proc. of the Annual Meeting of the Italian Phycological Group, 14–15 November 2014, Padova, Italy, pp. 20. Search in Google Scholar

Petrocelli, A., B. Antolić, L. Bolognini, E. Cecere, I. Cvitković, M. Despalatović, A. Falace, S. Finotto, L. Iveša, V. Mačić, M. Marini, M. Orlando-Bonaca, B. Trabucco and A. Žuljević. 2018a. Seaweed bioinvasions in port areas: what’s the matter in the Adriatic Sea? Mar. Pollut. Bull.: in press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.004. Search in Google Scholar

Petrocelli, A., G. Portacci, V. Russo and E. Cecere. 2018b. Agricultural biostimulants from macroalgae: a preliminary project in the Taranto seas. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 25: in press. Search in Google Scholar

Piazzi, L. and F. Cinelli. 2001. Distribution and dominance of two introduced turf-forming macroalgae on the coast of Tuscany, Italy, northwestern Mediterranean sea in relation to different habitats and sedimentation. Bot. Mar. 44: 509–520. Search in Google Scholar

Piazzi, L. and F. Cinelli. 2003. Evaluation of benthic macroalgal invasion in a harbour area of the western Mediterranean Sea. Eur. J. Phycol. 38: 223–231. Search in Google Scholar

Piazzi, L., D. Balata, G. Ceccherelli and F. Cinelli. 2001. Comparative study of the growth of the two co-occurring introduced green algae Caulerpa taxifolia and Caulerpa racemosa along the Tuscan coast (Italy, western Mediterranean). Cryptogamie Algol. 22: 459–466. Search in Google Scholar

Pierri, C., G. Fanelli and A. Giangrande. 2006. Experimental co-culture of low food-chain organisms, Sabella spallanzanii (Polychaeta, Sabellidae) and Cladophora prolifera (Chlorophyta, Cladophorales), in Porto Cesareo area (Mediterranean Sea). Aquacult. Res. 37: 966–974. Search in Google Scholar

Qin, Y. 2018. Applications of bioactive seaweed substances in functional food products. In: (Y. Qin, ed) Bioactive seaweeds for food applications. Natural ingredients for healthy diets. Academic Press, Waltham, MA. pp. 111–134. Search in Google Scholar

Rindi, F., G. Sartoni and F. Cinelli. 2002. A floristic account of the benthic marine algae of Tuscany (Western Mediterranean Sea). Nova Hedwigia 74: 201–250. Search in Google Scholar

Rizzo, L., M.I. Acquaviva, E. Cecere, M. Narracci, A. Petrocelli, L. Stabili and R.A. Cavallo. 2016. L’alga invasiva Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae): una fonte di composti antibatterici. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 23: 116–117. Search in Google Scholar

Roesijadi, G., S.B. Jones, L.J. Snowden-Swan and Y. Zhu. 2010. Macroalgae as a biomass feedstock: a preliminary analysis. U.S. Department of Energy, PNNL-19944, Richland Washington. pp. 41. Search in Google Scholar

Rubino, F., G. Fanelli, A. Petrocelli, M. Belmonte, G. Portacci and E. Cecere. 2011. The issue of non-indigenous species in Italian coastal waters: the case of Taranto seas (Ionian Sea). In: (National Research Council of Italy, ed) Marine research at CNR, fishery and sea resources. DTA/06-2011. CNR, Rome. pp. 2125–2147. Search in Google Scholar

Sales, M., E. Cebrian, F. Tomas and E. Ballesteros. 2011. Pollution impacts and recovery potential in three species of the genus Cystoseira (Fucales, Heterokontophyta). Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 92: 347–357. Search in Google Scholar

Serio, D., G. Alongi, M. Catra, M. Cormaci and G. Furnari. 2006. Changes in the benthic algal flora of Linosa Island (Straits of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Bot. Mar. 49: 135–144. Search in Google Scholar

Sfriso, A. and C. Facca. 2013. Annual growth and environmental relationships of the invasive species Sargassum muticum and Undaria pinnatifida in the lagoon of Venice. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 129: 162–172. Search in Google Scholar

Sfriso, A. and A. Marchini. 2014. Updating of non-indigenous macroalgae in the Italian coasts: new introductions and cryptic species. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 21: 60–69. Search in Google Scholar

Sfriso, A.A. and A. Sfriso. 2017. In situ biomass production of Gracilariaceae and Ulva rigida: the Venice Lagoon as a study case. Bot. Mar. 60: 271–283. Search in Google Scholar

Sfriso, A., D. Curiel and A. Rismondo. 2009a. The Lagoon of Venice. In: (E. Cecere, A. Petrocelli, G. Izzo and A. Sfriso, eds) Flora and vegetation of the Italian transitional water systems. CoRiLa, Stampa Multigraf Spinea, Venezia. pp. 17–80. Search in Google Scholar

Sfriso, A., C. Facca and P.F. Ghetti. 2009b. Validation of the Macrophyte Quality Index (MaQI) set up to assess the ecological status of Italian marine transitional environments. Hydrobiologia 617: 117–141. Search in Google Scholar

Sfriso, A., M.A. Wolf, M. Maistro, K. Sciuto and I. Moro. 2012. Spreading and ecology of the invasive species Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in the lagoons of the north-western Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea, Italy). Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 114: 192–198. Search in Google Scholar

Sfriso, A.A., M. Gallo and F. Baldi. 2017. Seasonal variation and yield of sulfated polysaccharides in seaweeds from the Venice Lagoon. Bot. Mar. 60: 339–349. Search in Google Scholar

Sfriso, A., A. Buosi, M.A. Wolf and A.A. Sfriso. 2018. Spreading of alien macroalgae in the Venice Lagoon, the Italian hotspot of non-indigenous species: biodiversity and standing crop. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 25: in press. Search in Google Scholar

Smit, A.J. 2004. Medicinal and pharmaceutical uses of seaweed natural products: a review. J. Appl. Phycol. 16: 245–262. Search in Google Scholar

Stabili, L., M.I. Acquaviva, G. Alabiso, M. Belmonte, F. Biandolino, R.A. Cavallo, A. Giangrande, M. Licciano, R. Lo Noce, A. Merendino, E. Mola, L. Musco, M. Narracci, A. Petrocelli, P. Ricci, R. Schirosi, L. Villanova and E. Cecere. 2011. Bioactive molecules from marine biomasses and their potential employment in pharmaceutics and dietetic: the project ACTI.BIO.MAR. In: (National Research Council of Italy, ed) Marine research at CNR, fishery and sea resources. DTA/06-2011. CNR, Rome. pp. 2043–2054. Search in Google Scholar

Stabili, L., M.I. Acquaviva, F. Biandolino, R.A. Cavallo, S.A. De Pascali, F.P. Fanizzi, M. Narracci, A. Petrocelli and E. Cecere. 2012. The lipidic extract of the seaweed Gracilariopsis longissima (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales): a potential resource for biotechnological purposes? N. Biotechnol. 29: 443–450. Search in Google Scholar

Stabili, L., M.I. Acquaviva, F. Biandolino, R.A. Cavallo, S.A. De Pascali, F.P. Fanizzi, M. Narracci, E. Cecere and A. Petrocelli. 2014. Biotechnological potential of the seaweed Cladophora rupestris (Chlorophyta, Cladophorales) lipidic extract. N. Biotechnol. 31: 436–444. Search in Google Scholar

Stabili, L., E. Cecere, M. Falzone, A. Giangrande, F. Laterza, M. Licciano, M. Notarangelo, A. Petrocelli, G. Portacci, F. Santamaria and B. Sicuro. 2016. Un mangime innovativo da policheti e macroalghe per l’allevamento di stadi giovanili di Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758). Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 23: 167–168. Search in Google Scholar

Stabili, L., M.I. Acquaviva, E. Cecere, M. Narracci, A. Petrocelli and R.A. Cavallo. 2018. The REMEDIA-LIFE project and the use of macroalgae as bioremediators: exploitation of their biomass for biotechnological purposes. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 25: in press. Search in Google Scholar

Storelli, M.M., A. Storelli and G.O. Marcotriggiano. 2001. Heavy metals in the aquatic environment of the Southern Adriatic Sea Italy. Macroalgae, sediments and benthic species. Environ. Int. 26: 505–509. Search in Google Scholar

Sun, Z., Z. Dai, W. Zhang, S. Fan, H. Liu, R. Liu and T. Zhao. 2018. Antiobesity, antidiabetic, antioxidative and antihyperlipidemic activities of bioactive seaweed substances. In: (Y. Qin, ed) Bioactive seaweeds for food applications. Natural ingredients for healthy diets. Academic Press, Waltham, MA. pp. 239–253. Search in Google Scholar

Tierney, M.S., A.K. Croft and M. Hayes. 2010. A review of antihypertensive and antioxidant activities in macroalgae. Bot. Mar. 53: 387–408. Search in Google Scholar

Thomsen, M.S., T. Wernberg, P.M. South and D.R. Schiel. 2016. Non-native seaweeds drive changes in marine coastal communities around the world. In: (Z.-M. Hu and C. Fraser, eds) Seaweed phylogeography. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht. pp. 147–185. Search in Google Scholar

Troell, M., A. Joyce, T. Chopin, A. Neori, A.H. Buschmann and J.G. Fang. 2009. Ecological engineering in aquaculture – potential for integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) in marine offshore systems. Aquaculture 297: 1–9. Search in Google Scholar

Vitale, F., G. Genovese, F. Bruno, G. Castelli, M. Piazza, A. Migliazzo, S. Armeli Minicante, A. Manghisi and M. Morabito. 2015. Effectiveness of red alga Asparagopsis taxiformis extracts against Leishmania infantum. Open Life Sci. 10: 490–496. Search in Google Scholar

Wan, A.H., S.J. Davies, A. Soler-Vila, R. Fitzgerald and M.P. Johnson. 2018. Macroalgae as a sustainable aquafeed ingredient. Rev. Aquacult.: in press. doi: 10.11117raq.12241. Search in Google Scholar

Wijesinghe, W.A.J.P. and Y.-J. Jeon. 2011. Biological activities and potential cosmeceuticals applications of bioactive components from brown seaweeds: a review. Phytochem. Rev. 10: 431–443. Search in Google Scholar

Article note

This article is part of the special issue series of Botanica Marina: Seaweed resources of the world: a 2020 vision, starting publication in Botanica Marina 2019, vol. 62, issue 3. The series will be guest-edited by Alan T. Critchley, Anicia Hurtado, Leonel Pereira, Melania Cornish, Danilo Largo and Nicholas Paul.

Received: 2018-07-16
Accepted: 2019-02-05
Published Online: 2019-03-23
Published in Print: 2019-06-26

©2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston