Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 15, 2019

Fourth addendum to the synoptic review of red algal genera

Craig W. Schneider and Michael J. Wynne
From the journal Botanica Marina


The fourth addendum to Schneider and Wynne’s 2007 “A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half century after Kylin’s 1956 ‘Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen’” is presented, covering the names of genus- and higher-level taxa added or modified since our third addendum (Bot. Mar. 59: 397–404). Since that synopsis, we added 21 new genera in a first addendum, 27 in the second, and 40 in the third, demonstrating the increasing amount of genetic work over more than a decade. In this fourth addendum, we add 58 new genera to the list of red algae as well as many new taxa in the hierarchical framework over the past 3 years. Based upon molecular sequencing, other genera reinstated from synonymy studies are included.


We thank Dr. Kanchi Gandhi of Harvard University for nomenclatural advice, and two reviewers for helpful comments on the original draft.


Ardré, F. 1967. Remarques sur la structure des Pterosiphonia (Rhodomelacées, Céramiales) et leurs rapports systématiques avec les Polysiphonia. Rev. Algol. N.S. 9: 37–77.Search in Google Scholar

Athanasiadis, A. 2016a. Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1–762. Thessaloniki, published and distributed by the author.Search in Google Scholar

Athanasiadis, A. 2016b. Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763–1504. Thessaloniki, published and distributed by the author.Search in Google Scholar

Athanasiadis, A. 2017. Capensia fucorum (Esper) gen. et comb. nov. (Mesophyllaceae, Corallinales, Rhodophyta), a hemiparasite on Gelidium from South Africa. Bot. Mar. 60: 555–565.10.1515/bot-2017-0027Search in Google Scholar

Athanasiadis, A. 2018 [“2019”]. Carlskottsbergia antarctica (Hooker fil. & Harv.) gen. & comb. nov., with a re-assessment of Synarthrophyton (Mesophyllaceae, Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Nova Hedw.108: 291–320.10.1127/nova_hedwigia/2018/0506Search in Google Scholar

Bonnemaison, T. 1822. Essai d’une classification des Hydrophites loculées, ou Plantes marines articulées qui crossent en France. J. Physique, Chim., Hist. Nat. & Arts 94: 138–148; 174–203.Search in Google Scholar

Bonnemaison, T. 1828. Essai sur les hydrophytes loculées (ou articulées) de la famille des Épidermées et des Céramiées. Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 16: 49–148, pls 3–8.Search in Google Scholar

Boo, G.H., L. Le Gall, K.A. Miller, D.W. Freshwater, T. Wernberg, R. Terada, K.J. Yoon and S.M. Boo. 2016a. A novel phylogeny of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) based on five genes including the nuclear CesA, with descriptions of Orthogonacladia gen. nov. and Orthogonacladiaceae fam. nov. Mol. Phylo. Evol. 101: 359–372.10.1016/j.ympev.2016.05.018Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Boo, G.H., T.V. Nguyen, J.Y. Kim, L. Le Gall, J.M. Rico, A. Bottalico and S.M. Boo. 2016b. A revised classification of the Gelidiellaceae (Rhodophyta) with descriptions of three new genera: Huismaniella, Millerella and Perronella. Taxon 65: 965–979.10.12705/655.2Search in Google Scholar

Bustamante, D.E., B.Y. Won, K.A. Miller and T.O. Cho. 2017. Wilsonosiphonia gen nov. (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morpho-anatomical characters. J. Phycol. 53: 368–380.10.1111/jpy.12512Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Bustamante, D.E., B.Y. Won, S.C. Lindstrom and T.O. Cho. 2019. The new genus Symphyocladiella gen. nov. (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) based on S. bartlingiana comb. nov. from the Pacific Ocean. Phycologia 58: 9–17.10.1080/00318884.2018.1517240Search in Google Scholar

Calderon, M.S. and S.M. Boo. 2016. A new genus Phyllophorella gen. nov. (Phyllophoraceae, Rhodophyta) from central Peru, including Phyllophorella peruviana comb. nov., Phyllophorella humboldtiana sp. nov., and Phyllophorella limaensis sp. nov. Bot. Mar. 59: 339–352.10.1515/bot-2016-0070Search in Google Scholar

Calderon, M.S. and S.M. Boo. 2017. The Phyllophoraceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Peru with descriptions of Acletoa tarazonae gen. & sp. nov. and Gymnogongrus caespitosus sp. nov. Phycologia 56: 686–696.10.2216/16-126.1Search in Google Scholar

Caragnano, A., A. Foetisch, G.W. Maneveldt, L. Millet, L.-C. Liu, S.-M. Lin, G. Rodondi and C.E. Payri. 2018. Revision of Corallinaceae (Corallinales, Rhodophyta): recognizing Dawsoniolithon gen. nov., Parvicellularium gen. nov. and Chamberlainoideae subfam. nov. containing Chamberlainium gen. nov. and Pneophyllum. J. Phycol. 54: 391–409.10.1111/jpy.12644Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Cassano, V., G.N. Santos, E.M.S. Pestana, J.M.C. Nunes, M.C. Oliveira and M.T. Fujii. 2019. Laurencia longiramea sp. nov. for Brazil and an emendation of the generic delineation of Corynecladia (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 58: 115–127.10.1080/00318884.2018.1523519Search in Google Scholar

Chapuis, I.S., O. Necchi Jr., G.C. Zuccarello, S.-L. Xie, M. Aboal, P.M. Sánchez Castillo and M.L. Vis. 2017. A new genus, Volatus and four new species of Batrachospermum sensu stricto (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 56: 454–468.10.2216/16-73.1Search in Google Scholar

Costa, J.F., S.-M. Lin, E.C. Macaya, C. Fernández-Garcia and H. Verbruggen. 2016. Chloroplast genomes as a tool to resolve red algal phylogenies: a case study in the Nemaliales. BMC Evol. Biol. 16: 1–13.10.1186/s12862-016-0772-3Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Dawson, E.Y. 1963. Marine red algae of Pacific Mexico. Part 8. Ceramiales: Dasyaceae, Rhodomelaceae. Nova Hedw. 6: 401–481, pls 126–171.Search in Google Scholar

D’Archino, R., W.A. Nelson and J.E. Sutherland. 2017. Neither Callophyllis nor Gelidium: Blastophyllis gen. nov. and Zuccarelloa gen. nov. (Kallymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) for three New Zealand species. Phycologia 56: 549–560.10.2216/16-115.1Search in Google Scholar

D’Archino, R., S.-M. Lin and G.C. Zuccarello. 2018. Fulgeophyllis (Kallymeniaceae, Gigartinales), a new genus to accommodate two New Zealand species. Phycologia 57: 422–431.10.2216/17-120.1Search in Google Scholar

Díaz-Tapia, P., C.A. Maggs, J.A. West and H. Verbruggen. 2017a. Analysis of chloroplast genomes and a supermatrix inform reclassification of the Rhodomelaceae (Rhodophyta). J. Phycol. 53: 920–937.10.1111/jpy.12553Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Díaz-Tapia, P., L. McIvor, D.W. Freshwater, H. Verbruggen, M.J. Wynne and C.A. Maggs. 2017b. The genera Melanothamnus Bornet & Falkenberg and Vertebrata S.F. Gray constitute well-defined clades of the red algal tribe Polysiphonieae (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales). Eur. J. Phycol. 52: 1–30.10.1080/09670262.2016.1256436Search in Google Scholar

Dixon, K.R. 2018. 10. Peyssonneliales. In: (J.M. Huisman, ed.) Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, Canberra & Melbourne. pp. 208–244.Search in Google Scholar

Dumortier, B.-C. 1822. Commentationes botanicae. Observations botaniques, dédiées à la Société d’Horticulture de Tournay. Imprimerie de Ch. Casterman-Dieu, Rue de pont No. 10, Tournay. p. 116.Search in Google Scholar

Edelstein, T. 1972. Halosacciocolax lundii, sp. nov., a new red alga parasitic on Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Grev. Br. Phycol. J. 7: 249–253.10.1080/00071617200650251Search in Google Scholar

Entwisle, T.J., J.R. Evans, M.L. Vis and G.W. Saunders. 2017 [“2018”]. Ottia meiospora (Ottiaceae, Rhodophyta), a new genus and family endophytic within the thallus of Nothocladus (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta), J. Phycol. 54: 79–84.10.1111/jpy.12603Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Evans, J.R. and G.W. Saunders. 2017. PCR fishing for red endophytes in British Columbia Kallymeniaceae (Gigartinales, Florideophyceae) uncovers the species-rich Kallymenicola gen. nov. (Palmariales, Nemaliophycidae. J. Phycol. 53: 577–588.10.1111/jpy.12522Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Evans, J.R., I.S. Chapuis and M.L. Vis. 2017. Adding to the freshwater red algal diversity in North America: Lympha mucosa gen. et sp. nov. (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Algae 32: 171–179.10.4490/algae.2017.32.9.8Search in Google Scholar

Filloramo, G.V. and G.W. Saunders 2016. Application of multigene phylogenetics and site-stripping to resolve intraordinal relationships in the Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). J. Phycol. 52: 339–355.10.1111/jpy.12418Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Gabrielson, P.W. and S.C. Lindstrom. 2018. Keys to the seaweeds and seagrasses of southeast Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon. Phycological Contribution No. 9. Phyco ID, Hillsborough, North Carolina. pp. iv + 180.Search in Google Scholar

García-Soto, G. and J. Lopez-Bautista. 2018. Taxonomic notes on the genus Alsidium C. Agardh, including the merging of Bryothamnion Kützing (Rhodomelaceae). Algae 33: 215–229.10.4490/algae.2018.33.6.25Search in Google Scholar

Gray, S.F. 1821. A natural arrangement of British plants, according to their relations to each other, as pointed out by Jussieu, De Candolle, Brown, &c. including those cultivated for use; with an introduction to botany, in which the terms newly introduced are explained; illustrated by figures. Baldwin, Cradock & Joy by Paternoster-Row, London. vol. 1: xxviii + 824 pp., 21 pls.10.5962/bhl.title.43804Search in Google Scholar

Guiry, M.D. and G.M. Guiry. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.; accessed on 28 December 2018.Search in Google Scholar

Guiry, M.D., J.N. Norris, S. Fredericq and C.F.D. Gurgel. 2018. Crassiphycus Guiry, Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq, gen. nov., a replacement name for Crassa Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq, nom. inval. (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta), with some additional nomenclatural notes. Not. Alg. 82: 1–4.Search in Google Scholar

Gurgel, C.F.D., J.N. Norris, W.E. Schmidt, H.N. Le and S. Fredericq. 2018. Systematics of the Gracilariales (Rhodophyta) including new subfamilies, tribes, subgenera, and two new genera, Agarophyton gen. nov. and Crassa gen. nov. Phytotaxa 374: 1–23.10.11646/phytotaxa.374.1.1Search in Google Scholar

Hara, K. 1948. Byochugai-Hoten (Manual of Pests and Diseases). Yokendo, Tokyo. pp. 792 [in Japanese].Search in Google Scholar

Heeg, M. 1891. Niederösterreichische Lebermoose. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 41: 567–573.Search in Google Scholar

Huisman, J.M. 1996. The red algal genus Coelarthrum Børgesen (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodymeniales) in Australian seas, including the description of Chamaebotrys gen. nov. Phycologia 35: 95–112.10.2216/i0031-8884-35-2-95.1Search in Google Scholar

Huisman, J.M. 2018. Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, Canberra & Melbourne. pp. xii + 672.Search in Google Scholar

Huisman, J.M. and G.W. Saunders. 2018. 15. Sebdeniales. In: (J.M. Huisman). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, Canberra & Melbourne. pp. 298–303.Search in Google Scholar

Johnson, J.H. 1964. Fossil algae from Guam. U. S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Paper 403–G. US Geological Survey, Reston, VI, USA. pp. 40.Search in Google Scholar

Kang, J.C., M.Y. Yang and M.S. Kim. 2017. Neoharaldiophyllum, a new genus of Delesseriaceae (Rhodophyta) based on carposporophyte development and molecular data. Bot. Mar. 60: 515–532.10.1515/bot-2017-0003Search in Google Scholar

Kikuchi, N., S. Arai, G. Yoshida, J.-A. Shin and M. Miyata. 2018. Neomiuraea nom. nov., a replacement name for Miuraea N. Kikuchi, S. Arai, G. Yoshida, J.- A. Shin & Miyata (Bangiales, Rhodophyta), nom. illeg. Not. Alg. 62: 1.Search in Google Scholar

Korde, K.B. 1986. New algal species of the early Paleozoic from the eastern Sayan Mountains and the Zabaikalye Region. In: (B.S. Sokolov et al., eds.) Aktual’nye voprosy sovremennoĭ paleoal’gologii: abornik nauchnykh trudov. [Present-day problems of modern paleoalgology]. Kiev (USSR): Naukova. [In Russian.]. pp. 105–111, 2 pls.Search in Google Scholar

Kützing, F.T. 1843. Phycologia generalis…. Leipzig. pp. xxxii + 458, 80 pls.Search in Google Scholar

Kylin, H. 1956. Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen. Lund, C.W.K. Gleerups. pp. xv + 673.Search in Google Scholar

Lee, H.W. and M.S. Kim. 2018. Female reproductive structures define the novel genus, Nesoia (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). Eur. J. Phycol. 54: 66–77.10.1080/09670262.2018.1513166Search in Google Scholar

Liu, L.-C., S.-M. Lin, A. Caragnano and C. Payri. 2018. Species diversity and molecular phylogeny of non-geniculate coralline algae (Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta) from Taoyuan algal reefs in northern Taiwan, including Crustaphytum gen. nov. and three new species. J. Appl. Phycol. 30: 3455–3469.10.1007/s10811-018-1620-1Search in Google Scholar

Lund, S. 1959. The marine algae of East Greenland. I. Taxonomic Part. Meddelser om Grønland 156: 1–247.Search in Google Scholar

Lyra, G. de M., E. da S. Costa, P.B. de Jesus, J.C.G. de Matos, T.A. Caires, M.C. Oliveira, E.C. Oliveira, Z. Xi, J.M. de C. Nunes and C.C. Davis. 2015. Phylogeny of Gracilariaceae (Rhodophyta): evidence from plastid and mitochondrial nucleotide sequences. J. Phycol. 51: 356–366.10.1111/jpy.12281Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Manghisi, A., L. Le Gall, C. Bonillo, G.M. Gargiulo, M.A. Ribeira and M. Morabito. 2017. An assessment of the taxonomic status of the Mediterranean endemic genus Acrodiscus Zanardini (Halymeniales, Rhodophyta). Eur. J. Tax. 267: 1–24.10.5852/ejt.2017.267Search in Google Scholar

Metti, Y., A.J.K. Millar and P. Steinberg. 2015. A new molecular phylogeny of the Laurencia complex (Rhodophyta, Rhodomelaceae) and a review of key morphological characters results in a new genus: Coronaphycus, and a description of C. novus. J. Phycol. 51: 929–942.10.1111/jpy.12333Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Muñoz, L.A., M.J. Wynne, M. Kamiya, J.A. West, F.C. Küpper, M.E. Ramírez and A.F. Peters. 2018. Evidence for the reinstatement of Phrix J.G. Stewart (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta). Phytotaxa 334: 215–224.10.11646/phytotaxa.334.3.2Search in Google Scholar

Muñoz-Gómez, S.A., F.G. Mejía-Franco, K. Durnin, M. Colp, C.J. Grisdale, J.M. Archibald and C.H. Slamovits. 2017. The new red algal subphylum Proteorhodophytina comprises the largest and most divergent plastid genomes known. Curr. Biol. 27: 1677–1684.10.1016/j.cub.2017.04.054Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Necchi, Jr., O., D.C. Agostinho and M.L. Vis. 2018. Revision of Batrachospermum Section Virescentia (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) with the establishment of the new genus, Virescentia stat. nov. Cryptogam. Algol. 39: 313–338.10.7872/crya/v39.iss3.2018.313Search in Google Scholar

Ng, P.-K., P.-E. Lim and S.-M. Phang. 2014. Radiation of the red algal parasite Congracilaria babae onto a secondary host species, Hydropuntia sp. (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta). PLoS One 9 [5, e97450]: 1–11.Search in Google Scholar

Ng, P.-K., P.-E. Lim and S.-M. Phang. 2015. Small-scale genetic structure of Gracilaria salicornia and its red algal parasite, G. babae (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta), in Malaysia. Bot. Mar. 58: 175–187.10.1515/bot-2014-0071Search in Google Scholar

Norris, J.N. 2014. Marine algae of the northern Gulf of California II. Rhodophyta. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 96: [i]-xvi + 1–555.10.5479/si.19382812.96Search in Google Scholar

Núñez-Resendiz, M.L., K.M. Dreckmann, A. Sentíes, G.C. Zuccarello and H.P. León-Tejera. 2017 [‘2018’]. Tepoztequiella rhizoidea gen. et sp. nov. (Solieriaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Phycologia 57: 90–99.10.2216/17-60.1Search in Google Scholar

Núñez-Resendiz, M.L., K.M. Dreckmann, A. Sentíes, M.J. Wynne and H.P. Léon-Tejera. 2019. Eucheumatopsis isiformis gen. et comb. nov. (Solieriaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Yucatan Peninsula, to accommodate Eucheuma isiforme. Phycologia 58: 51–62.10.1080/00318884.2018.1517536Search in Google Scholar

Peña, V., L. Le Gall, A. Rösler, C.E. Payri and J.C. Braga. 2018 [“2019”]. Adeylithon bosencei gen. et sp. nov. (Corallinales, Rhodophyta): a new reef-building genus with anatomical affinities with the fossil Aethesolithon. J. Phycol.55: 134–145.10.1111/jpy.12799Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Perestenko, L.P. 1975. The red algae of the far-eastern seas of the U.S.S.R. foliose Cryptonemiacean algae (Cryptonemiales, Rhodophyta). Bot. Zhurnal [Moscow and Leningrad] 60: 1676–1689.Search in Google Scholar

Perestenko, L.P. 1977. On some corrections to Abbotia Perest. and Kallymeniopsis Perest. genera. Bot. Zhurnal [Moscow and Leningrad] 62: 398.Search in Google Scholar

Perestenko, L.P. 1996 [“1994”]. [Red algae of the far-eastern seas of Russia]. Rossiiskaia Akademiia Nauk, Botanichesk Institut im. V.L. Komarova [Komarov Botanical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences] & OLGA, a private publishing company. St. Petersburg. pp. 1–330 [331], 60 pls.Search in Google Scholar

Rodriguez-Prieto, C., G. Sartoni, S.-M. Lin and M.H. Hommersand. 2013. Comparative morphology and systematics of Chondrymenia lobata from the Mediterranean Sea and a phylogeny of the Chondrymeniaceae fam. nov. (Rhodophyta) based on rbcL sequence analyses. Eur. J. Phycol. 48: 188–199.10.1080/09670262.2013.789931Search in Google Scholar

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., O. De Clerck, J.M. Huisman and S.-M. Lin. 2018. Systematics of the red algal genus Halymenia (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta): characterization of the generitype H. floresii and description of Neofolia rosea gen. et sp. nov. Eur. J. Phycol. 53: 520–536.10.1080/09670262.2018.1478132Search in Google Scholar

Rossignolo, N.L. and O. Necchi Jr. 2016. Revision of section Setacea of the genus Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) with emphasis on specimens from Brazil. Phycologia 55: 337–346.10.2216/15-144.1Search in Google Scholar

Rossignolo, N.L., O. Necchi Jr. and M.D. Guiry. 2017. Atrophycus, a new genus name for “Setacea (De Toni) Necchi & Rossignolo”. Not. Alg. 26: 1–2.Search in Google Scholar

Rousseau, F., D. Gey, A. Kurihara, C.A. Maggs, J. Martin-Lescanne, C. Payri, B. de Reviers, A.R. Sherwood and L. Le Gall. 2017. Molecular phylogenies support taxonomic revision of three species of Laurencia (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta), with the description of a new genus. Eur. J. Taxon. 269: 1–19.10.5852/ejt.2017.269Search in Google Scholar

Saunders, G.W. and S.L. Clayden. 2010. Providing a valid epithet for the species widely known as Halosacciocolax kjellmanii S. Lund (Palmariales, Rhodophyta) – Rhodophysema kjellmanii sp. nov. Phycologia 49: 628.10.2216/0031-8884-49.6.628Search in Google Scholar

Saunders, G.W. and B. McDonald. 2010. DNA barcoding reveals multiple overlooked Australian species of the red algal order Rhodymeniales (Florideophyceae), with resurrection of Halopeltis J. Agardh and description of Pseudohalopeltis gen. nov. Botany 88: 639–667.10.1139/B10-038Search in Google Scholar

Saunders, G.W., J.M. Huisman, A. Vergés, G.T. Kraft and L. Le Gall. 2017a. Phylogenetic analyses support recognition of ten new genera, ten new species and 16 new combinations in the family Kallymeniaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Crypt. Algol. 38: 79–132.10.7872/crya/v38.iss2.2017.79Search in Google Scholar

Saunders, G.W., C. Jackson and E.D. Salomaki. 2017b. Phylogenetic analyses of transcriptome data resolve familial assignments for genera of the red-algal Acrochaetiales-Palmariales complex (Nemaliophycidae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 119: 151–159.10.1016/j.ympev.2017.11.002Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Saunders, G.W., K.L. Wadland, E.D. Salomaki and C.E. Lane. 2017c. A contaminant DNA barcode sequence reveals a new red algal order, Corynodactylales (Nemaliophycidae, Florideophyceae). Botany 95: 561–566.10.1139/cjb-2017-0010Search in Google Scholar

Savoie, A.M. and G.W. Saunders. 2016. A molecular phylogenetic and DNA barcode assessment of the tribe Pterosiphonieae (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) emphasizing the Northeast Pacific. Botany 94: 917–939.10.1139/cjb-2016-0083Search in Google Scholar

Savoie, A.M. and G.W. Saunders. 2018 [“2019”]. A molecular assessment of species diversity and generic boundaries in the red algal tribes Polysiphonieae and Streblocladieae (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) in Canada. Eur. J. Phycol. 54: 1–25.10.1080/09670262.2018.1483531Search in Google Scholar

Schneider, C.W. and M.J. Wynne. 2007. A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half century after Kylin’s “Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen.Bot. Mar. 50: 197–249.10.1515/BOT.2007.025Search in Google Scholar

Schneider, C.W. and M.J. Wynne. 2013. Second addendum to the synoptic review of red algal genera. Bot. Mar. 56: 111–118.10.1515/bot-2012-0235Search in Google Scholar

Selivanova, O.N. and G.G. Zhigadalova. 2016. Flabellina avachensis gen. et sp. n. – a new genus and species of the family Delesseriaceae (Rhodophyta) from the near Kamchatka waters of the Pacific Ocean. Mar. Biol., Nauka 42: 179–188, 5 figs. [In Russian, with abstract and description in English]Search in Google Scholar

Silva, P.C. 1952. A review of nomenclatural conservation in the algae from the point of view of the type method. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 25: 241–323.Search in Google Scholar

Silva, P.C., P.W. Basson and R.L. Moe. 1996. Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. Univ. Cal. Publ. Bot. 79: (i-xiv) 1–1259.Search in Google Scholar

Stewart, J.G. 1974. Phrix: a new genus in Delesseriaceae (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 13: 139–147.10.2216/i0031-8884-13-2-139.1Search in Google Scholar

Sutherland, J.E., S.C. Lindstrom, W.A. Nelson, J. Brodie, M.D.J. Lynch, M.S. Hwang, H.-G. Choi, M. Miyata, N. Kikuchi, M.C. Oliveira, T. Farr, C. Neefus, A. Mols-Mortensen, D. Milstein and K.M. Müller. 2011. A new look at an ancient order: generic revision of the Bangiales (Rhodophyta). J. Phycol. 47: 1131–1151.10.1111/j.1529-8817.2011.01052.xSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

Sutti, S., M. Tani, Y. Yamagishi, T. Abe, K.A. Miller and K. Kogame 2018. Neochondria gen. nov. (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta), a segregate of Chondria, including N. ammophila sp. nov. and N. nidifica comb. nov. Phycologia 57: 262–272.10.2216/17-96.1Search in Google Scholar

Tokida, J. and T. Masaki. 1956. Studies on the reproductive organs of red algae. II. On Erythrophyllum gmelini (Grun.) Yendo. Bull. Fac. Fish., Hokkaido Univ. 7: 63–71.Search in Google Scholar

Townsend, R.A. and J.M. Huisman. 2018a. “Coralline algae.” In: (J.M. Huisman). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, Canberra & Melbourne. pp. 86–142.Search in Google Scholar

Townsend, R.A. and J.M. Huisman. 2018b. Transfer of Oztralia gabrielsonii and Oztralia orbiculata to Dawsoniolithon (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Not. Alg. 78: 1–2.Search in Google Scholar

Turland, N. J., J.H. Wiersema, F.R. Barrie, W. Greuter, D.L. Hawksworth, P.S. Herendeen, S. Knapp, W.-H. Kusber, D.-Z. Li, K. Marhold, T.W. May, J. McNeill, A.M. Monro, J. Prado, M.J. Price and G.F. Smith. (eds.) 2018. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) adopted by the 19th International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017. Regnum Vegetabile 159. Glashütten: Koeltz Botanical Books. in Google Scholar

West, J.A., G.I. Hansen, T. Hanyuda and G.C. Zuccarello. 2016. Flora of drift plastics: a new red algal genus, Tsunamia transpacifica (Stylonematophyceae) from Japanese tsunami debris in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Algae 31: 289–301.10.4490/algae.2016.31.10.20Search in Google Scholar

Wynne, M.J. 1985. Taxonomic notes on some Delesseriaceae (Rhodophyta) occurring in southern California and Mexico. Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 84: 164–171.Search in Google Scholar

Wynne, M.J. 2018a. The status of Polyostea Ruprecht (1850) and the proposal of Savoiea gen. nov. (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta). Not. Alg. 69: 1–4.Search in Google Scholar

Wynne, M.J. 2018b. Regarding Kallymenia J. Agardh, 1842, Euhymenia Kützing nom. illeg. 1843, and the proposal of Croisettea gen. nov. (Kallymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). Not. Alg. 76: 1–4.Search in Google Scholar

Wynne, M.J. 2019. Torularia Bonnnemaison, 1828, a generic name to be reinstated for Atrophycus Necchi & Rossignolo, 2017. Not. Alg. 89: 1–4.Search in Google Scholar

Wynne, M.J. and C.W. Schneider. 2010. Addendum to the synoptic review of red algal genera. Bot. Mar. 53: 291–299.10.1515/BOT.2010.039Search in Google Scholar

Wynne, M.J. and C.W. Schneider. 2016. Third addendum to the synoptic review of red algal genera. Bot. Mar. 59: 397–404.10.1515/bot-2016-0096Search in Google Scholar

Wynne, M.J. and C.W. Schneider. 2017. Phycoflabellina nomen novum (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta), a replacement name for Flabellina Selivanova & Zhigadalova (2016), nom. illeg., non Korde (1986). Not. Alg. 28: 1–2.Search in Google Scholar

Wynne, M.J., C.W. Schneider and G.W. Saunders. 2019. The reinstatement of Hooperia J. Agardh (Lomentariaceae, Rhodophyta) to accommodate Lomentaria divaricata (Durant) M.J. Wynne. Not. Alg. 93: 1–2.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2019-01-07
Accepted: 2019-03-13
Published Online: 2019-05-15
Published in Print: 2019-08-27

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston