Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access December 17, 2015

Ecosystem Services in the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

Maksud Bekchanov, Claudia Ringler and Marc Mueller


Given their substantial societal benefits, such as supporting economic activities and providing better livelihoods in rural areas, ecosystem services should gain higher importance in water-food-energy nexus debates. Yet, not all values from ecosystems are quantifiable, data is often not adequate and methods of measuring these values are not sound. This situation challenges researchers and water managers to improve research tools and give adequate attention to ecosystem services by implementing interdisciplinary approaches and integrated management of ecosystems and their services.


[1] Daily G.C., Alexander S., Ehrlich P.R., Goulder L., Lubchenco J., Matson P.A., Mooney H.A., Postel S., Schneider S.H., Tilman D. and Woodwell G.M., Ecosystem Services: Benefits Supplied to Human Societies by Natural Ecosystems, Issues in Ecology, 1997, No. 2.Search in Google Scholar

[2] Dziegielewska D., Tietenberg T., Niggol S.S., Total economic value, In: Cleveland C.J. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Earth, Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC, 2009, in Google Scholar

Received: 2014-6-25
Accepted: 2015-9-30
Published Online: 2015-12-17
Published in Print: 2015-1-1

© 2015

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

Scroll Up Arrow