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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 11, 2012

Reactive oxygen metabolites (ROMs) are associated with cardiovascular disease in chronic hemodialysis patients

  • Maurizio Bossola EMAIL logo , Carlo Vulpio , Luigi Colacicco , Donata Scribano , Cecilia Zuppi and Luigi Tazza


Background: The aim of our study was to measure reactive oxygen metabolites (ROMs) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and evaluate the possible association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality.

Methods: We measured ROMs in 76 HD patients and correlated with CVD, cardiovascular (CV) events in the follow-up and all-cause and CVD-related mortality.

Results: The levels of ROMs presented a median value of 270 (238.2–303.2) CARR U (interquartile range). We created a ROC curve (ROMs levels vs. CVD) and we identified a cut-off point of 273 CARR U. Patients with ROMs levels ≥273 CARR U were significantly older, had higher C-reactive protein levels and lower creatinine concentrations. The prevalence of CVD was higher in patients with ROMs levels ≥273 (87.1%) than in those with ROMs levels <273 CARR U (17.7%; p<0.0001). ROMs levels were significantly higher in patients with CVD (317±63.8) than in those without (242.7±49.1; p<0.0001). At multiple regression analysis, age, creatinine and C-reactive protein were independent factors associated with ROMs. At multiple logistic regression analysis the association between ROMs and CVD was independent (OR: 1.02, 95% CI: 1.00–1.05; p=0.03). Twenty six patients developed cardiovascular (CV) events during the follow-up. Of these, seven were in the group with ROMs levels <273 CARR U and 19 in the group with ROMs levels ≥273 CARR U. The logistic regression analysis showed that both age (OR: 1.06, 95% CI: 1.01–1.12; p=0.013) and ROMs levels (OR: 1.10, 95% CI: 1.00–1.02; p=0.045) were independently associated with CV events in the follow-up.

Conclusions: ROMs are independently associated with CVD and predict CV events in chronic HD patients.

Corresponding author: Maurizio Bossola, MD, Servizio Emodialisi Dipartimento di Chirurgia, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A.Gemelli, 8 00168 Roma, Italia Phone: +39 06 30155487

Received: 2011-9-14
Accepted: 2012-1-12
Published Online: 2012-02-11
Published in Print: 2012-08-01

©2012 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston

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