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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 26, 2017

Various glycolysis inhibitor-containing tubes for glucose measurement cannot be used interchangeably due to clinically unacceptable biases between them

  • Andrea Saracevic EMAIL logo , Lora Dukic , Gordana Juricic , Lara Milevoj Kopcinovic , Gorana Mirosevic and Ana-Maria Simundic



The aim of our study was to determine the difference between glucose concentration measured 30 min after venipuncture in ice-chilled heparin plasma sample and all currently available citrate buffer-containing tubes (Greiner Glucomedics, Greiner FC Mix and Sarstedt GlucoEXACT) and still widely used sodium fluoride/potassium oxalate (NaF/Kox) tubes from Greiner.


Blood was collected from 20 healthy volunteers and 20 patients with diabetes into LiH, NaF/KOx, Glucomedics, FC mix and GlucoEXACT tubes. Glucose was measured within 30 min from blood sampling in duplicate on the Architect c8000 analyzer. Mean biases between all tube types were calculated and compared to the recommended criteria (1.95%). Additionally, glucose concentrations measured in all five tube types were compared using the Friedman test.


In the entire studied population, glucose concentrations measured in Glucomedics, FC mix and GlucoEXACT were higher (7.3%, 3.2% and 2.0%, respectively) than in the ice-chilled LiH tubes. When all glycolysis inhibitor-containing tubes were compared, Glucomedics tubes significantly differed from GlucoEXACT and FC mix tubes (biases −4.9% and 4.0%, respectively). In addition, there was a significant difference between the NaF/KOx tube and Glucomedics, as well as FC mix tubes (biases 7.1% and 3.0%, respectively).


Glucose concentrations measured in recommended ice-chilled lithium heparin- and citrate buffer-containing tubes are not comparable. Significant biases exist between various glycolysis inhibitor-containing tubes; therefore, they cannot be used interchangeably.


We thank Greioner Bio-One, Sarstedt and Abbott Laboratories for providing the tubes and reagents required for conducting the study. We also thank Marija Culjak for her valuable contribution by performing all venipunctures in our study.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  4. Honorarium: None declared.

  5. Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.


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Received: 2017-03-31
Accepted: 2017-06-29
Published Online: 2017-07-26
Published in Print: 2018-01-26

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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