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International Consensus on Antinuclear Antibody Patterns: defining negative results and reporting unidentified patterns

  • Manfred Herold EMAIL logo , Werner Klotz , Luis E.C. Andrade ORCID logo , Karsten Conrad , Wilson de Melo Cruvinel , Jan Damoiseaux , Marvin J. Fritzler , Carlos A. von Muhlen , Minoru Satoh and Edward K.L. Chan


We thank the collaborating members of the Executive Committee of ICAP for reading this manuscript and giving their input. These members in addition to the authors, were as follows: Orlando Gabriel Carballo, Argentina; Paulo Luiz Carvalho Francescantonio, Brazil; Ignacio Garcia-De La Torre, Mexico; Tsuneyo Mimori, Japan.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  4. Honorarium: None declared.

  5. Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.


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Received: 2018-01-14
Accepted: 2018-02-13
Published Online: 2018-04-10
Published in Print: 2018-09-25

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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