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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 8, 2019

Total laboratory automation has the potential to be the field of application of artificial intelligence: the cyber-physical system and “Automation 4.0”

Cristiano Ialongo and Sergio Bernardini

Corresponding author: Dr. Med. Cristiano Ialongo, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome (RM), Italy, Phone: +3906-4991-2987

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  4. Honorarium: None declared.

  5. Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.


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Received: 2019-02-27
Accepted: 2019-03-15
Published Online: 2019-04-08
Published in Print: 2019-10-25

©2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston