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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 25, 2019

Integrity of serum samples is changed by modified centrifugation conditions

Marijana Miler EMAIL logo , Nora Nikolac Gabaj , Jelena Culej , Adriana Unic , Alen Vrtaric and Lara Milevoj Kopcinovic



Serum samples should be centrifuged for at least 10 min at 1300–2500 × g. Changed centrifugation conditions could compromise sample quality. The objective of this study was to compare the serum quality and turnaround time (TAT) using different centrifugation conditions.


The study was done in four different periods (A, B, C and D) at different conditions: for 10, 5 and 7 (A, B and C, respectively) at 2876 × g, and 7 (D) min at 4141 × g. Sample quality was assessed as the proportion of samples with: (a) aspiration errors, (b) H index >0.5 g/L and (c) suppressed reports of potassium (K) due to hemolysis. TAT was calculated for emergency samples. The proportions of samples (a), (b) and (c) were compared according to period A.


The number of aspiration errors was significantly higher in samples centrifuged at 2876 × g for 5 min (p = 0.021) and remained unchanged when centrifuged for 7 min (p = 0.066 and 0.177, for periods C and D, respectively). In periods B, C and D, the proportion of samples with hemolysis was higher than that in period A (p-values 0.039, 0.009 and 0.042, respectively). TAT differed between all periods (p < 0.001), with the lowest TAT observed for B and D. The lowest number of samples exceeding 60-min TAT was observed in period D (p = 0.011).


The integrity of serum samples is changed with different centrifugation conditions than those recommended. Our study showed that shorter centrifugation at higher force (7 min at 4141 × g) significantly decreases TAT, with unchanged proportion of samples with aspiration errors.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  4. Honorarium: None declared.

  5. Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.


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Received: 2019-03-04
Accepted: 2019-06-17
Published Online: 2019-07-25
Published in Print: 2019-11-26

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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