Highly sensitive cardiac troponin assays (hs-cTn) are not available as point-of-care (POC) measurements. As rapid testing cannot be achieved at the expense of clinical performance, there is an urgent need to develop and rigorously validate POC hs-cTn. Konica Minolta (KM) has recently developed a surface plasmon-field enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy-based POC hs-cTn I system.
We validated the analytical characteristics of the KM POC system according to the international guidelines.
Limit of blank (LoB) and limit of detection (LoD) were 0.35 and 0.62 ng/L, respectively, hs-cTn I concentrations corresponding to a total CV of 20%, 10% and 5% were 1.5, 3.9 and 11.0 ng/L, respectively. Method comparison studies showed that KM calibration was successfully traced to higher-order references. Limit of quantitation (LoQ), i.e. the hs-cTn I concentration having a total error of measurement of ≤34%, was 10.0 ng/L. The upper reference limit (URL) for 600 healthy blood donors was calculated at 12.2 ng/L (90% confidence interval [CI]: 9.2–39.2), while sex-partitioned URLs were 20.6 (males) and 10.7 ng/L (females), respectively (p < 0.0001). KM assay measured hs-cTn I concentrations >LoD in 65.7% of all reference individuals, in 76.7% of males and in 54.7% of females, respectively.
The KM system joins the characteristics of POC systems to the analytical performance of hs-cTn.
Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.
Research funding: Supported by an Institutional grant by Konica Minolta.
Employment or leadership: None declared.
Honorarium: None declared.
Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.
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