A fast and reliable method for the determination of hemoglobinopathies and thalassemias by high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry (HRAM/MS) is presented. The established method was verified in a prospective clinical study (HRAM/MS vs. high-pressure liquid chromatography [HPLC]) of 5335 de-identified newborn samples from the Hamburg area. The analytical method is based on a dual strategy using intact protein ratios for thalassemias and tryptic digest fragments for the diagnosis of hemoglobinopathies. Due to the minimal sample preparation and the use of flow injection, the assay can be considered as a high-throughput screening approach for newborn screening programs (2 min/sample). Using a simple dried blood spot (DBS) extraction (tryptic digest buffer), the following results were obtained: (1) a carrier incidence of 1:100 newborns (35 FAS, nine FAC, eight FAD and two FAE), and (2) no homozygous affected patient was detected. Using the HRAM/MS protocol, an unknown Hb mutation was identified and confirmed by genetic testing. In addition to greater specificity toward rare mutations and β-thalassemia, the low price/sample (1–2€) as well as an automated data processing represent the major benefits of the described HRAM/MS method.
ARCHIMEDlife Science GmbH was supported by Gina Tan, Claudio DeNardi and Bradley Hart from Thermo Fisher Scientific.
Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.
Research funding: None declared.
Employment or leadership: None declared.
Honorarium: None declared.
Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.
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