Diagnosis of upper urinary tract infections (UTI) is challenging. We evaluated the analytical and diagnostic performance characteristics of renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) and transitional epithelial cells (TECs) on the Sysmex UF-5000 urine sediment analyzer.
Urinary samples from 506 patients presenting with symptoms of a UTI were collected. Only samples for which a urinary culture was available were included. Analytical (imprecision, accuracy, stability and correlation with manual microscopy) and diagnostic performance (sensitivity and specificity) were evaluated.
The Sysmex UF-5000 demonstrated a good analytical performance. Depending on the storage time, storage conditions (2–8 °C or 20–25 °C) and urinary pH, RTECs and TECs were stable in urine for at least 4 h. Using Passing-Bablok and Bland-Altman analysis, an acceptable agreement was observed between the manual and automated methods. Compared to TECs, RTECs demonstrated an acceptable diagnostic performance for the diagnosis of upper UTI.
While TECs do not seem to serve as a helpful marker, increased urinary levels of RTECs add value in the diagnosis of upper UTI and may be helpful in the discrimination between upper and lower UTIs.
Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.
Research funding: None declared.
Employment or leadership: None declared.
Honorarium: None declared.
Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.
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