In the last decades PLLA-based copolymers have been among the most attractive polymeric candidates used to fabricate devices for drug delivery and stent applications in the cardiovascular system. PLLA is biocompatible and biodegradable, exhibits a wide range of erosion times and has tunable mechanical properties. Therefore, the influence of drug incorporation on the physicochemical properties of biodegradable PLLA copolymers were examined in this study using Fluorescein diacetate (FDAc) and Paclitaxel (PTX). A percental amount of these drugs (17.5 %) were incorporated into poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) (P(LLA-co-GA)) and poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (P(LLA-co-CL)) made via spray coating. The polymer surface properties, such as surface morphology and hydrophilicity were also examined and remained rather unchanged for both polymers after drug loadings. Furthermore, also the contact angle changed rather marginally. However, both polymers have already different thermal properties without the drug embedded, especially the glass transition temperature (TG) is for P(LLA-co-CL) under 37°C and for P(LLA-co-GA) considerable above with around 66°C. An rather high increase in TG achieved by addition of FDAc or PTX, crucial influences the drug release profiles for P(LLA-co-CL) in contrast to P(LLA-co-GA). Besides these results preliminarily experiments of additional coupling of other drugs on the polymer surface were performed and we obtained an influence of FDAc or PTX. The drug incorporation and physicochemical characterization data obtained in this study is relevant in optimizing the incorporation or coupling of further drugs on the polymer surface and delivery properties of these potential multi drug delivery coatings.
©2017 Michael Teske et al., published by De Gruyter
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