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BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter September 7, 2017

3D detection of the central sleep apnoea syndrome

  • Heinrich Garn EMAIL logo , Bernhard Kohn , Christoph Wiesmeyr , Klaus Dittrich , Markus Wimmer , Magdalena Mandl , Gerhard Kloesch , Marion Boeck , Andrijana Stefanic and Stefan Seidel

Abstract

In polysomnography, an oronasal thermal airflow sensor and respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) belts at thorax and abdomen are used to detect central sleep apnoea. These sensors are uncomfortable to wear, can disturb the patient’s sleep, and data quality can be significantly di-minished if a sensor slips off the patient. Contactless meas-urements would be a desirable alternative. We utilized a 3D time-of-flight sensor to monitor respiratory-related chest movements to decipher epochs of normal breathing and ap-noea in ten adult patients with a total of 467 apnoea events. Time-synchronized comparisons of 3D measurements of chest movements due to respiration to polysomnography signals from rip belts and nasal airflow proved that the 3D sensor provided largely equivalent results. This new tech-nique could support the diagnosis of central sleep apnoea and Cheyne-Stokes respiration.

Published Online: 2017-09-07

©2017 Heinrich Garn et al., published by De Gruyter

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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