Venous ulcers of the lower limbs are one clinical manifestation of chronic venous insufficiency. Currently, there is no venous valve prosthesis available. This study presents novel venous valve prostheses made of threedimensional electrospun fibrous nonwoven leaflets. The aim of this study was to prove the feasibility of the manufacturing process as well as to investigate design features of the venous valve prostheses from a hemodynamic point of view. An adapted pulse duplicator system (ViVitrolabs, Victoria, BC, CA) was used for characterization of the hydrodynamic performance. For eight different venous valve prototypes flow rate, effective orifice area and regurgitation fraction was investigated in vitro. In particular, tricusp valve designs showed an up to 40% higher effective orifice area as well as 15% higher maximum flowrate compared to bicusp valve designs. However, the regurgitation fraction of the bicusp valve designs is up to 86% lower compared to tricusp valve. Additionally, the hemodynamic performance of the tricuspid valves showed a high sensitivity regarding the leaflet length. Bicuspid valves are less sensitive to changes of design parameters, more sufficient and therefore highly reliable.
© 2018 the author(s), published by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston
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