The mechanical parameters of articular cartilage estimated from indentation tests depend on the constitutive model adopted to analyze the data. In this study, we present a 3D-FE-based method to determine the biomechanical properties of equine articular cartilage from stress relaxation indentation tests (ε = 6 %, t = 1000 s) whereby articular cartilage is modeled as a biphasic material without (BM) and with tension-compression nonlinearity (BMTCN). The FEmodel computation was optimized by exploiting the axial symmetry and mesh resolution. Parameter identification was executed with the Levenberg-Marquardt-algorithm. The R² of the fit results varies between 0.695 and 0.930 for the BMmodel and between 0.877 and 0.958 for the BMTCN-model. The differences of the R² occur from the more exact description of the initial stress relaxation behaviour by the fiber modulus from the BMTCN-model. The fiber modulus defines the collagen matrix of cartilage. Furthermore, for both models the determined values of Young’s modulus and permeability were in the same order of magnitude.
© 2018 the author(s), published by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston
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