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BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter September 22, 2018

Influence of additives on physico-chemical properties of electrospun poly(L-lactide)

  • Daniela Arbeiter EMAIL logo , Stefanie Kohse , Thomas Eickner , Nils Grabow and Klaus-Peter Schmitz

Abstract

Electrospun poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) nonwoven represent potential options for biodegradable medical implants. They can be manufactured with high reproducibility and do offer the potential for chemical modification to alter matrix properties. In our study, we investigate the mechanical, thermal and morphological properties of PLLA fiber matrices. Fibrous nonwovens were fabricated from polymer solution by needle electrospinning. The polymer solutions were loaded with Triton X-100 (TX- 100), formic acid and tetraethyl ammonium chloride (TEAC) with respect to polymer weight. Morphology of the PLLA nonwoven scaffolds was examined with SEM. We performed uniaxial tensile tests and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Different concentrations of the additives TEAC, formic acid and Triton X-100 lead to strong changes regarding mechanical and thermal properties of the electrospun PLLA fiber matrices. In comparison with mechanical properties of established biological tissue materials, the results indicate the suitability for medical applications.

Published Online: 2018-09-22
Published in Print: 2018-09-01

© 2018 the author(s), published by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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