Restoration loss based on interfacial adhesive defects and associated caries at the restoration margin are the main causes for invasive replacement of dental restorations. Assessment of the interfacial quality based on clinical inspection and radiographic examination is often difficult and not reliable. In this work, we present spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) and polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PSOCT) for the evaluation of tooth-composite bond failure. Imaging of two composite restorations at the occlusal surface are presented using intensity-based images obtained by SDOCT and PSOCT based degree of polarization uniformity (DOPU). Both modalities revealed several defects beneath the surface such as inhomogeneous adhesive layers, marginal gaps and bubbles. In addition, DOPU representation showed an inhomogeneous structure within the composite material. OCT based imaging of dental restorations could add a valuable diagnostic tool for the evaluation of structural defects in clinical practice. The representation of polarization characteristics with the DOPU algorithm provides further information on the homogeneity of the restoration.
© 2018 the author(s), published by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston
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