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BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter September 22, 2018

Fluid-structure interaction in intracranial vessel walls: The role of patient-specific wall thickness

  • Samuel Voß EMAIL logo , Sylvia Saalfeld , Thomas Hoffmann , Oliver Beuing , Gábor Janiga and Philipp Berg


Computational Fluid Dynamics studies try to support physicians during therapy planning of intracranial aneurysms. However, multiple assumptions (e.g. rigid vessel walls) are required leading to a sparse acceptance of numerical approaches within the medical community. This study incorporates multiple fluid-structural simulations for an intracranial basilar artery bifurcation. Based on a patient-specific dataset, which was acquired using optical coherence tomography, minimum, mean, maximum, and diameter-dependent thicknesses were generated and compared w.r.t. hemodynamic and wall stress parameters. The comparison of different wall thickness models revealed a strong variability among the analyzed parameters depending on the corresponding assumption. Using the patient-specific configuration as a reference, constant thicknesses lead to differences of up to 100 % in the mean wall stresses. Even the diameter-dependent thickness results in deviations of 32 %, demonstrating the wide variability of computational predictions due to inaccurate assumptions. The findings of this study highlight the importance of geometry reconstruction including accurate wall thickness reproduction for fluid-structure simulations. Patient-specific wall thickness seems to be out of alternatives regarding the realistic prediction of wall stress distributions.

Published Online: 2018-09-22
Published in Print: 2018-09-01

© 2018 the author(s), published by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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