Vitamin E (VitE) additives are important in treating osteoarthritis inclusive cartilage regeneration due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The present research study focuses on the ability of biological antioxidant VitE (alpha-tocopherol isoform) to reduce or minimize oxidative degradation of soft implantable polyurethane (PU) elastomers after extended periods of time (5 months) in vitro. The effect of the oxidation storage media on the morphology of the segmented PUs was evaluated by mechanical softening, crystallization and melting behavior of both soft and hard segments (SS, HS) using dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Bulk mechanical properties of the potential implant materials during ageing were predicted from comprehensive mechanical testing of the biomaterials under tension and compression cyclic loads. 5-months in vitro data suggest that the prepared siloxane-poly(carbonate-urethane) formulations have sufficient resistance against degradation to be suitable materials for chondral long-term bio-stable implants. Most importantly, the positive effect of incorporating VitE (0.5 or 1.0% w/w) as bio-antioxidant and lubricant on the bio-stability was observed for all PU-types. VitE-additives protected the surface layer from erosion and cracking during chemical oxidation in vitro as well as from thermal oxidation during extrusion re-processing.
© 2019 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston
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