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BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter September 18, 2019

Low-turbulence displacement-flow for an operating environment

Specifications, prototyping and first measurements of a low-cost solution

  • Julia Heinz EMAIL logo , Max B. Schäfer , Kent W. Stewart and Peter P. Pott


In developing countries airborne micro-organisms are one of the most common causes of surgical wound infection. In the operating room low-turbulence displacementflow has been shown to reduce the influence of airborne bacteria. However, due to complexity and cost, current systems are not accessible to all potential users. In this paper a low-cost ventilation system is presented that provides lowturbulence displacement-flow over a surgical operating environment. A stand-alone, simple to assemble, mobile airflow system was developed using the principle of speed compensation for laminar airflow. From visual inspection and measurements, the system was seen to generate a continuous downwards displacement of air over the protected area around the situs. The entire system can be assembled quickly with minimal standard tools, making it very suitable for mobile use, such as in disaster areas. Future work is required to achieve the vertical dimension of a laminar flow field required by the DIN 1946-4. Overall, the low-cost and simple system could provide many potential users access to the technology and thus improving hygiene conditions in their operating environment.

Published Online: 2019-09-18
Published in Print: 2019-09-01

© 2019 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Public License.

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