Skip to content
BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter November 26, 2020

Development of a multi-well-chip for studying 2D and 3D tumor cell migration and spheroid growth in electrical fields

  • Ralf Kemkemer EMAIL logo , Benjamin K. Naggay , Tobias B. Schmidt and Karen Ende


Endogenous electrical fields play an important role in various physiological and pathological events. Yet the effects of electrical cues on processes such as wound healing, tumor development or metastasis are still rarely investigated, though it is known that direct current electrical fields can alter cell migration or proliferation in vitro. Several 2D experimental models for studying cell responses to direct current electrical fields have been presented and characterized but suitable experimental models for electrotaxis studies in 3D are rare. Here we present a novel, easy-to-produce, multi-well-based galvanotactic-chamber for the use in 2D and 3D cell experiments for investigations on the influence of electrical fields on tumor cell migration and tumor spheroid growth. Our presented system allows the simultaneous application of electrical field to cells in four chambers, either cultured on the bottom of the culture-plate (2D) or embedded in hydrogel filled channels (3D). The set-up is also suitable for, live-cell-imaging. Validation tests show stable electrical fields and high cell viabilities inside the channel. Tumor spheroids of various diameters can be exposed to direct current electrical fields up to one week.

Published Online: 2020-11-26
Published in Print: 2020-09-01

© 2020 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Downloaded on 29.3.2023 from
Scroll Up Arrow