Aortic root aneurysm is treated by replacing the dilated root by a grafted prosthesis which mimics the native root morphology of the individual patient. The challenge in predicting the optimal prosthesis size rises from the highly patient-specific geometry as well as the absence of the original information on the healthy root. Therefore, the estimation is only possible based on the available pathological data. In this paper, we show that representation learning with Conditional Variational Autoencoders is capable of turning the distorted geometry of the aortic root into smoother shapes while the information on the individual anatomy is preserved. We evaluated this method using ultrasound images of the porcine aortic root alongside their labels. The observed results show highly realistic resemblance in shape and size to the ground truth images. Furthermore, the similarity index has noticeably improved compared to the pathological images. This provides a promising technique in planning individual aortic root replacement.
© 2020 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston
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