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BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter November 26, 2020

Microstructured ceramic and metallic implant surfaces and their impact on the viscosity of a synovia fluid substitute

  • Drescher Philipp EMAIL logo , Hermann Seitz , Paul Oldorf and Rigo Peters


This study evaluates the effect of ring-shaped microstructures on the rheological properties of a synovial fluid substitute. Two different materials that are frequently used in endoprostheses have been chosen in order to study the lubricating effect of femtosecond-laser microstructured implant surfaces by measuring the apparent dynamic viscosity of the lubrication fluid. The two different materials are the ceramic Al2O3 and the metal alloy CoCrMo. The results show that an increase in the viscosity of the synovia fluid substitute can be achieved by specific microstructuring. An increase of viscosity of up to 40% compared to an unstructured reference was observed with ring-shaped microstructures with a diameter of 100 μm, a texture area density of 2.5 % and an aspect ratio of 0.66. The measurements have also shown that the ceramic material resulted in slightly higher viscosity values, compared to the metal alloy which can explained by dimensional deviations of the microstructures caused by the laser microstructuring.

Published Online: 2020-11-26
Published in Print: 2020-09-01

© 2020 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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