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BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter August 27, 2021

Electromagnets for an endoscopic anastomosis tool in the colon

Jana Steger, Anne Zimmermann, Thomas Wittenberg and Dirk Wilhelm

Abstract

The goal of our research work is the development of a novel endoscopic anastomosis device for the colon. One of the main challenges in this context is the application of forces at the endoscope tip to rejoin the two bowel endings. Thus, we focus on a magnetic two-part compression implant approach. The implant halves are detached from the applicator units by means of electromagnets. In this contribution we present the results of our experiments to determine the implant design with special focus on tissue compression forces and the resultant electromagnet dimensioning to estimate size requirements of the application/detachment system. To achieve the targeted compression forces derived from literature, we used cubic N52 magnetized neodymium magnets1 with a side length of 5 mm and mild steel screws. For these magnets, we evaluated a required electromagnetic repulsion force of 4.1 N. For the electromagnetic detachment system this led to the need for 166 windings for the coils on oral side, and 146 windings for the coils at the aboral side. Based on these requirements, a colonoscope diameter (~14 mm) increase of 10.6 mm on the oral side and of 12 mm on the aboral side due to the application device must be assumed. Nevertheless, this diameter still remains within the size range of other colonoscopic tools, such as e.g., circular staplers.

Published Online: 2021-08-27
Published in Print: 2021-08-01

© 2021 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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