Commonly used blood pressure measurement devices have noticeable limitations in accuracy, measuring time, comfort or safety. To overcome these limitations, we developed and tested a surrogate-based, non-invasive blood pressure measurement method using an RGB-camera. Our proposed method employs the relation between the pulse transit time (PTT) and blood pressure. Two remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) signals at different distances from the heart are extracted to calculate the temporal delay of the pulse wave. In order to establish the correlation between the PTT values and the blood pressure, a regression model is trained and evaluated. Tests were performed with five subjects, where each subject was recorded fifteen times for 30 seconds. Since the physiological parameters of the cardiac system are different for each person, an individual calibration is required to obtain the systolic and diastolic blood pressure from the PTT values. The calibration results are limited by the small number of samples and the accuracy of the reference system. However, our results show a strong correlation between the PTT values and the blood pressure and we obtained a mean error of 0.18 +/- 5.50 mmHg for the diastolic blood pressure and 0.01 +/- 7.71 mmHg for the systolic pressure, respectively.
© 2021 The Author(s), published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
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