Arteries are vessel structures that serve vital function of transportation of blood to different parts of the body. Researchers have experimented with some approaches to model the arterial behaviour and to analyse its biomechanical properties. To analyse the in-vivo arterial properties, at Furtwangen University an inflatable sensoractuator system is being developed, which provides the basis for a decision support system for vascular surgeons. The capabilities of this sensor shall be evaluated in simulations which requires appropriate modelling of the arteries. The inverse problem, i.e. how to efficiently identify arterial wall properties from sensor readings is targeted. A histology motivated 3D artery model was implemented in FEM using COMSOL (v5.5). The geometry of one model was based on a cross section of a real artery. The second model was axisymmetric and of equal dimensions with respect to volume, layer thickness etc. A biomechanical pressure-stretch analysis was performed applying an inflating pressure inside the walls of the vessels. Stretch in different areas of the first model was evaluated and the circumferential strain was compared to the axisymmetric model. The results show variation of strains within the segments of the first model of upto 10 percent. In addition, its outer wall circumferential stretch was found to be 10 percent lower compared to the axisymmetric setup. This comparison sheds light upon whether a simplification of arterial models is possible, without loss of accuracy in the context of the novel sensor evaluation. It provides useful information whether e.g. standardizing vessel structures to axisymmetric models will still provide results within allowable tolerance limits. Simulations proved useful to evaluate different vessel model formulations in the context of arterial diagnostics.
© 2021 The Author(s), published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.