Implant devices for micro invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) are gaining increasing acceptance in clinical ophthalmic use. The implant requirements are defined in international standards, such as ANSI Z80.27-2014 and the 2015 Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff “Premarket Studies of Implantable Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgical (MIGS) Devices”. The exact fluid-mechanical characterization represents a crucial part of the development and approval of innovative implant devices for MIGS. The current work describes the development and preliminary validation of a versatile test facility for pivotal characterization of glaucoma drainage devices. The test setup enables a pressurization of test specimens by means of two water columns. For measurement of pressure and volume flow, a pressure transducer and a total of three liquid flow meters were implemented into the test setup. Validation was conducted by experimental pressureflow characterization of standardized tubes and a comparison to theoretical results according to Hagen Poiseuille's law for stationary laminar flow of a Newtonian fluid in a tube with a circular cross section. Ultrapure water at (35 ± 2) °C was used for the analyses. The developed test setup potentially enables pressure-flow characterization of test specimens in a wide flow range of 0 μl min-1 ≤ Q ≤ 5.000 μl min-1. The preliminary test facility validation showed a good agreement of measured and theoretical volume flow characteristics as a function of the pressure difference, in the currently investigated flow range of Q < 80 μl min-1. The developed test facility is suitable for pivotal in vitro characterization of glaucoma drainage devices. Future investigations will focus on the final validation of the whole flow range and on the use of the test facility for fluid-mechanical characterization of self-developed prototypes of glaucoma microstents as well as commercially available glaucoma drainage devices.
© 2021 The Author(s), published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
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