Based on the archaeological evidences from western Tibet and Swat and Kashmir Valleys, this paper argues that there were indeed local traditions of Neolithic cultures of the northwestern subcontinent, but its connection with outside areas, especially the Tibet of China could not be denied. The evidences showed trans-Himalayan transmission in small scale. Karub Culture in the eastern Tibet and Dingzhonghu Zhuzi Site in the southwestern Tibet might have been the connecting points of trans-Himalayan Neolithic interactions, and this small scale cultural penetrating should be explained in the background of long-distance trans-Himalayan trade.
The original paper published in Kaogu 考古(Archaeology) 2014.12:77–89 with five illustrations was authored by Hongliang Lü 吕红亮.This abridged version is prepared by the author and translated into English by Anke Hein 安可.
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