Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access October 9, 2014

Relationships between flavonoids and selected elements in infusions of medicinal herbs

Pawel Konieczynski, Agnieszka Arceusz and Marek Wesolowski
From the journal Open Chemistry

Abstract

The aim of the studies was to establish relationships between flavonoids and elements important for human health. Therefore, total contents of flavonoids and phosphorus were determined by UV/Vis methods, flavonoids by HPLC, and Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu by FAAS in 68 infusions of medicinal herbs. Total flavonoids content in the aqueous extracts were in the range of 0.26 - 16.40 mg per 100 mL. The mean flavonoid contents (in mg per 100 mL of aqueous extract) were 2.24, 2.01, 1.83, 1.88 for rutin, myricetin, quercetin and kaempferol, respectively. The concentrations of Ca, Mg, P were determined in mg per 100 mL, and of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu in μg per 100 mL. Total content of flavonoids was weakly correlated with quercetin (r = 0.41), kaempferol (r = 0.53), Cu (r = 0.43), and Ca (r = -0.30). Statistically significant correlations were also found among Cu, Ca, Mn, Zn and Fe. Cluster analysis grouped the studied herbs based on total flavonoids, also four flavonoids and essential elements contents, extracted from the whole population of herbs Sambuci flos, Betulae folium, and Sylibi mariani semen. Principal component analysis confirmed these findings and enabled identification of quercetin, kaempferol, Cu and Fe as the factors responsible for differentiation of the studied material.

Graphical Abstract

References

[1]Yao LH., Jiang Y.M., Shi J., Tomas-Barberan F.A., Datta N., Singanusong R., Chen S.S., Plant Foods Human Nutr., 2004,59,11310.1007/s11130-004-0049-7Search in Google Scholar

[2]JiaZ.,TangM.,Wu J., Food Chem., 1999,64,555 10.1016/S0308-8146(98)00102-2Search in Google Scholar

[3]Lovkova M.Y., Buzuk G.N., Sokolova S.M., Klimenteeva N.I., AppL Biochem. Microbiol., 2001, 37,22910.1023/A:1010254131166Search in Google Scholar

[4]Konieaynski P., Wesolowski M., Food Chem., 2007,103, 210 10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.08.008Search in Google Scholar

[5]KumarA., NairA.G.C., ReddyA.V., GargA.N.,1. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 2005, 37, 631Search in Google Scholar

[6]Razic S., Onjia A., Dogo S., Slavkovic L, Popovic A., Talanta, 2005,67, 23310.1016/j.talanta.2005.03.023Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[7]Konieczynski P., Wesolowski M., Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon, 2011,186,167910.1080/10426507.2010.528477Search in Google Scholar

[8]Konieczynski P., Wesolowski M., Acta Pol. Pharm. - Drug Res., 2012, 69, 33Search in Google Scholar

[9]Kakavand K., Niknam V., Faridbod F., Ebrahimzadeh H., Hamidipour A., Anal. BioanaL Electrochem., 2012, 4,635Search in Google Scholar

[10]Rout S.S., Sahoo R.N., Pattanaik S., Pal A., Si S.C., Mohanty P., Int. J. Pharm. Pharmaceut. Sei., 2013,5,972Search in Google Scholar

[11]Kuo S.M., Leavitt P.S., Lin C.P., Biol. Trace Elem. Res., 1998,62, 13510.1007/BF02783967Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[12]MalesevD., KunticV.J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2007,72,92110.2298/JSC0710921MSearch in Google Scholar

[13]Zhang R., Zeng Q., Deng Y., Zhang M., Wei Z., Zhang Y., TangX., Food Chem., 2013,136,116910.1016/j.foodchem.2012.09.085Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[14]Baydar N.G., Baydar H., Ind. Crops Prod., 2013,41,37510.1016/j.indcrop.2012.04.045Search in Google Scholar

[15]Barros L, Dueöas M., Carvalho A.M., Ferreira I.C.F.R., Food Chem. ToxicoL, 2012,50,157610.1016/j.fct.2012.02.004Search in Google Scholar

[16]Lemberkovics E., Czinner E., Szentmihalyi K., Balazs A., Szoke E., Food Chem., 2002,78,11910.1016/S0308-8146(02)00204-2Search in Google Scholar

[17]Lamari Z., Landsberger S., Braisted J., Neggache H., Larbi R., I. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2008, 276,9510.1007/s10967-007-0415-7Search in Google Scholar

[18]Mohanta A., Chakraborty M., Sudarshan R. K., Dutta M., Baruah J., RadioanaL Nucl. Chem., 2003, 258,17510.1023/A:1026291000167Search in Google Scholar

[19]Naga Raju G.J., Sarita P., Ramana Muty G.A.V., Ravi Kumar M., Seetharami Reddy 8., Charles M.)., et al., Appl. Rad. Isotop., 2006, 64, 89310.1016/j.apradiso.2006.02.085Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[20]Hrdlicka P., Kula E., Trees, 1998,13, 6810.1007/s004680050188Search in Google Scholar

[21]Otto M., Chemometrics. Statistics and computer application in analytical chemistry, 2nd ed., Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2007Search in Google Scholar

[22]StaniszA., Med. PrakL, 2000,10,17610.1017/S1047951100006715Search in Google Scholar

[23]Temerk Y.M., Ibrahim M.S., Kotb M., Schuhmann W., Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 2013,405, 383910.1007/s00216-012-6675-2Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[24]Konieczynski P., Cent. Eur. J. Chem., 2013,11,51910.2478/s11532-012-0197-9Search in Google Scholar

[25]Yang J., Chen L.H., Zhang Q., WangM.X., J. Sep. Sei., 2007, 30, 127610.1002/jssc.200600389Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[26]Tian R.,Xie P., Liu H., J. Chrom. A, 2009,1216, 2150 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.127Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Received: 2014-1-27
Accepted: 2014-5-28
Published Online: 2014-10-9

© 2015 Pawel Konieczynski et al.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

Scroll Up Arrow