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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access April 24, 2015

Dietary intake of specific phenolic compounds and their effect on the antioxidant activity of daily food rations

Wojciech Koch , Tomasz Baj , Wirginia Kukula-Koch and Zbigniew Marzec
From the journal Open Chemistry


The determination of phenolic acids’ and flavonoids’ content in daily food rations (DFRs) of a selected group of male and female students and the development of chromatographic conditions is the primary goal of the study. The presence of 7 phenolic components were confirmed in the prepared extracts from all diets reconstructed within a period of 3 years. The highest concentrations were determined for hesperidin (124 and 55.6 mg for women and men, respectively), naringin (47.6 mg in female and 37 mg in male diets) and chlorogenic acid (19.7 and 19.8 mg for women and men). The antioxidant potential of the daily food rations, measured with a DPPH test, was higher for women (range 47.1‒78.8%) than for men (range 34.5‒78.0%) and was found to strongly correlate with the total phenolics content of the samples (Folin-Ciocalteu test) (correlation coefficient 0.90).

Graphical Abstract


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Received: 2014-12-4
Accepted: 2015-2-17
Published Online: 2015-4-24

© 2015 Wojciech Koch et al.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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