Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access May 22, 2015

Inverse Gas Chromatographic Examination of Polymer Composites

Adam Voelkel , Beata Strzemiecka , Kasylda Milczewska and Zuzanna Okulus
From the journal Open Chemistry

Abstract

Inverse gas chromatographic characterization of resins and resin based abrasive materials, polymerpolymer and polymer-filler systems, as well as dental restoratives is reviewed.

Graphical Abstract

References

[1] Kiselev A.V., In: Giddings J. C., Keller R.A. (Eds.), Advances in Chromatography, Marcel Dekker Co., New York 1967 Search in Google Scholar

[2] Smidsrød O., Guillet J. E., Study of Polymer-Solute Interactions by Gas Chromatography, Macromolecules, 2, 1976, 2, 272-282. 10.1021/ma60009a012Search in Google Scholar

[3] Kunaver M., Zadnik J., Planinšek O., Srčič S., Inverse gas chromatography - A different approach to characterization of solids and liquids, Acta Chim. Slov., 2004, 51, 373-394. Search in Google Scholar

[4] Strzemiecka B., Kołodziejek J., Kasperkowiak M., Voelkel A., Influence of relative humidity on the properties of examined materials by means of inverse gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2013, 1271, 201-206. 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.11.037Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[5] Voelkel A., Strzemiecka B., Application of Inverse Gas Chromatography in the Characterization of Raw Material Used in Manufacturing of Abrasive Materials, Colloids Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 2006, 280, 177-181. 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2006.02.002Search in Google Scholar

[6] Voelkel A., Strzemiecka B., Characterization of Fillers Used in Abrasive Articles by Means of Inverse Gas Chromatography and Principal Component Analysis International J. Adhes. Adhes., 2007, 27, 188-194. 10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2006.03.003Search in Google Scholar

[7] Voelkel A., Strzemiecka B., Adamska K., Milczewska K., Inverse gas chromatography as a source of physiochemical data, J. Chromatogr. A, Review, 2009, 1216, 1551-1566. 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.096Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[8] Voelkel A., IGC what is this?, In: A. Dąbrowski, Tertykh V. A. (Eds.),Adsorption on New and Modified Inorganic Sorbents, Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, Elsevier Science B. V., Amsterdam, 1996, pp. 465-477. Search in Google Scholar

[9] Belgacem M. N., Gandini A., Inverse Gas Chromatography as a Tool to Characterize Dispersive and Acid-Base Properties of the Surface of Fibers and Powders, in: Pefferkorn E. (Ed.), Interfacial Phenomena In Chromatography, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1999, pp. 41-124. 10.1201/9780203909867.ch2Search in Google Scholar

[10] Bogillo V. I., Shkilev V. P., Voelkel A., Determination of surface free energy components for heterogeneous solids by means of inverse gas chromatography at finite concentrations, J. Mater. Chem., 1998, 8, 1953-1961. 10.1039/a801703dSearch in Google Scholar

[11] Schultz J., Lavielle L., Martin C., Propriètès de Surface des Fibres de Carbone Dèterminèes par Chromatographie Gazeuse Inverse, J. Chimie Phys., 1987, 84, 231-237. 10.1051/jcp/1987840231Search in Google Scholar

[12] Schultz J., Lavielle L., Martin C.., Role of the interface on carbon fibre/epoxy composites, J. Adhesion, 1987, 23, 45-60 10.1080/00218468708080469Search in Google Scholar

[13] van Oss C.J., Good R., Chaudhury M., Additive and nonadditive surface tension components and the interpretation of contact angles, Langmuir, 1988, 4, 884-891. 10.1021/la00082a018Search in Google Scholar

[14] Das C. S., Larson I., Morton D. A.V., Stewart P. J., Determination of the polar and total surface energy distributions of particulates by inverse gas chromatography, Langmuir, 2011, 27, 521–523. 10.1021/la104135zSearch in Google Scholar

[15] Jańczuk B., Białopiotrowicz T., Zdziennicka A., Some Remarks on the Components of the Liquid Surface Free Energy, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 1999, 211, 96–103. Search in Google Scholar

[16] van Oss C. J., Interfacial Forces in Aqueous Media, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2006. 10.1201/9781420015768Search in Google Scholar

[17] Abbasian A., Ghaffarian S. R., Mohammadi N., Fallahi D., Sensitivity of Surface Free Energy Analysis Methods to the Contact Angle Changes Attributed to the Thickness Effect in Thin Films, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2004, 93, 1972–1980. 10.1002/app.20672Search in Google Scholar

[18] Costanzo P. M., Wu W., Giese R. F. Jr., van Oss C. J., Comparison between Direct Contact Angle Measurements and Thin Layer Wicking on Synthetic Monosized Cuboid Hematite Particles, Langmuir, 1995, 11, 1827-1830. 10.1021/la00005a064Search in Google Scholar

[19] Kwok D. Y., Gietzelt T., Grundke K., Jacobasch H.-J., Neumann A. W., Contact Angle Measurements and Contact Angle Interpretation. 1. Contact Angle Measurements by Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysis and a Goniometer Sessile Drop Technique, Langmuir, 1997, 13, 2880-2894. 10.1021/la9608021Search in Google Scholar

[20] Chibowski E., Perea-Carpio R., Problems of contact angle and solid surface free energy determination, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 2002, 98, 245-264. 10.1016/S0001-8686(01)00097-5Search in Google Scholar

[21] Chibowski E., Hołysz L., Use of the Washburn Equation for Surface Free Energy Determination, Langmuir, 1992, 8, 710-716. 10.1021/la00038a066Search in Google Scholar

[22] Strzemiecka B., Voelkel A., Estimation of the work of adhesion by means of inverse gas chromatography for polymer complex systems, Int. J. Adhes. Adhes., 2012, 38, 84–88. 10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2012.05.006Search in Google Scholar

[23] Strzemiecka B., Voelkel A., Donate-Robles J., Martin-Martinez J. M., Assessment of the surface chemistry of carbon blacks by TGA-MS, XPS and inverse gas chromatography using statistical chemometricanalysis, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2014, 316, 315–323. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.07.174Search in Google Scholar

[24] Strzemiecka B., Voelkel A., Chmielewska D., Sterzyński T., Influence of different fillers on phenolic resin abrasive composites. Comparison of inverse gas chromatographic and dynamic mechanical–thermal analysis characteristics, Int. J. Adhes. Adhes., 2014, 51, 81-86. 10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2014.02.013Search in Google Scholar

[25] Strzemiecka B., Voelkel A., Donate-Robles J., Martín-Martínez J. M., Estimation of polyurethane-carbon black interactions by means of inverse gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2013, 1314, 249-254. 10.1016/j.chroma.2013.09.040Search in Google Scholar

[26] Fowkes F. M., Role of Acid-Base Interfacial Bonding in Adhesion, J. Adh. Sci. Technol., 1987, 1, 7-27. 10.1163/156856187X00049Search in Google Scholar

[27] Dutschk V., Pisanova E., Zhandarov S., Lauke B., “Fundamental” and “Practical” Adhesion in Polymer-Fiber Systems, Mech. Compos. Mater., 1998, 34, 309-320. 10.1007/BF02257899Search in Google Scholar

[28] Chehimi M. M., Azioune A., Cabet-Deliry E., In: Pizzi A ., Mittal K. L. (Eds.), Handbook of Adhesive Technology, 2nd edition, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2003. Search in Google Scholar

[29] Burnett D. J., Garcia A. R., Granier A., Pellegrin B., Nguyen T., Surface Energetics/Thermodynamic Adhesion Values by IGC to Determine The Interaction Between Nanofillers And Polymer Matrices, publication of Surface Measurement Systems, Ltd: www.thesorptionsolution.com . Search in Google Scholar

[30] Fall J., Milczewska K., Voelkel A., Characterisation of mineral oil-polyester, mineral oil-poly-α-olefin mixtures by inverse gas chromatography, J. Mater. Chem. 2001, 11, 1042-1046. Search in Google Scholar

[31] Zhao L., Choi P., Determination of solvent-independent polymerpolymer interaction parameter by an improved inverse gas chromatographic approach, Polymer; 2001, 42, 1075-1081. Search in Google Scholar

[32] Zhao L., Choi P., Measurement of solvent-independent polymer–polymer Flory–Huggins interaction parameters with the use of non-random partitioning solvents in inverse gas chromatography, Polymer, 2002, 43, 6677-6681. 10.1016/S0032-3861(02)00673-0Search in Google Scholar

[33] Milczewska K., A. Voelkel, Jęczalik J., The use of Flory-Huggins parameters to characterization of polymer/filler interactions, Macromol. Symp., 2003, 194, 305-311. 10.1002/masy.200390097Search in Google Scholar

[34] Milczewska K., Voelkel A., The use of Flory-Huggins parameters as a measure of interactions in polymer-filler systems, J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys., 2006, 44, 1853-1862. 10.1002/polb.20843Search in Google Scholar

[35] Al-Saigh Z.Y., The characterization of polymer blends by inverse gas chromatography, TRIP, 1997, 5, 97-102. Search in Google Scholar

[36] Fernandez-Sanchez E., Fernandez-Torres A., Garcia-Dominguez J.A, Santiuste J.M., Pertierra-Rimada E., Solubility parameters of gas chromatographic mixed stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 457, 55-71. 10.1016/S0021-9673(01)82055-0Search in Google Scholar

[37] Milczewska K., Voelkel A., Piędzia K. , J. Polym. Res., 2014, 21, 394 10.1007/s10965-014-0394-7Search in Google Scholar

[38] Margolis H.C., Moreno E.C., Composition and cariogenic potential of dental plaque fluid, Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine, 1994, 5, 1-25. 10.1177/10454411940050010101Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[39] Lukacs J.R., Largaespada L.L., Explaining Sex Differences in Dental Caries Prevalence: Saliva, Hormones, and ‘‘Life-History’’ Etiologies, Am. J. Human Biol., 2006, 18, 540-555. 10.1002/ajhb.20530Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[40] Sakaguchi R.L., General Classes of Biomaterials, In: Sakaguchi R.L., Powers J.M. (Eds.), Craig’s Restorative Materials, Thirteenth Edition, Elsevier, USA, 2012, pp. 135-146 10.1016/B978-0-323-08108-5.10007-6Search in Google Scholar

[41] Mitra S.B., Sakaguchi R.L., Restorative Materials – Composites and Polymers, In: R.L. Sakaguchi, J.M. Powers (eds.), Craig’s Restorative Materials, Thirteenth Edition, Elsevier, USA, 2012, pp. 161-198. 10.1016/B978-0-323-08108-5.10009-XSearch in Google Scholar

[42] Ferracane J.L., Current Trends in Dental Composites, Crit. Rev. Oral Biol. Med., 1995, 6, 302-318. 10.1177/10454411950060040301Search in Google Scholar

[43] Moszner N., Salz U., New developments of polymeric dental composites, Progr. Polym. Sci., 2001, 26, 535-576. 10.1016/S0079-6700(01)00005-3Search in Google Scholar

[44] Burgess J.O., Walker R., Davidson J.M., Posterior resin-based composite: review of the literature, Pediatric Dentistry, 2002, 24, 465-479. Search in Google Scholar

[45] Chan K.H.S., Mai Y., Kim H., Tong K.C.T., Ng D., Hsiao J.C.M., Review: Resin Composite Filling, Materials, 2010, 3, 1228-1243. 10.3390/ma3021228Search in Google Scholar

[46] Ferracane J.L., Resin composite – state of the art, Dental Materials, 2011, 27, 29-38. 10.1016/j.dental.2010.10.020Search in Google Scholar

[47] Fortin D., Vargas M.A., The spectrum of composites: new techniques and materials, J. Am. Dental Assoc., 2000, 131, 26S-30S. 10.14219/jada.archive.2000.0399Search in Google Scholar

[48] Culbertson B.M., Glass-ionomer dental restoratives, Progr. Polym. Sci., 2001, 26, 577-604. 10.1016/S0079-6700(01)00006-5Search in Google Scholar

[49] Nicholson J.W., Polyacid-modified composite resins (“compomers”) and their use in clinical dentistry, Dental Materials, 2007, 23, 615-622. 10.1016/j.dental.2006.05.002Search in Google Scholar

[50] Pfeifer C.S., Sakaguchi R.L., Fundamentals of Materials Science, In: Sakaguchi R.L., Powers J.M., (Eds.), Craig’s Restorative Materials, Thirteenth Edition, Elsevier, USA, 2012, pp. 33-82. Search in Google Scholar

[51] Selwitz R.H., Ismail A.I., Pitts N.B., Dental caries, Lancet, 2007, 369, 51-59. 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60031-2Search in Google Scholar

[52] Krol D.M., Dental Caries, Oral Health, and Pediatricians, Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, 2003, 33, 253-270. 10.1016/S1538-5442(03)00093-2Search in Google Scholar

[53] Khajotia S.S., Marshall G.W., Marshall S.J., The Oral Environment, In: Sakaguchi R.L., Powers J.M., (Eds.), Craig’s Restorative Materials, Thirteenth Edition, Elsevier, USA, 2012, pp. 5-24. Search in Google Scholar

[54] Rüttermann S., Trellenkamp T., Bergmann N., Raab W.H.M., Ritter H., Janda R., A new approach to influence contact angle and surface free energy of resin-based dental restorative materials, Acta Biomaterialia, 2011, 7, 1160-1165. 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.10.002Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[55] Rüttermann S., Beikler T., Janda R., Contact angle and surface free energy of experimental resin-based dental restorative materials after chewing simulation, Dental Materials, 2014, 30, 702-707. 10.1016/j.dental.2014.03.009Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[56] Abbasian A., Ghaffarian S. R., Mohammadi N., Fallahi D., Sensitivity of Surface Free Energy Analysis Methods to the Contact Angle Changes Attributed to the Thickness Effect in Thin Films, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2004, 93, 1972-1980. 10.1002/app.20672Search in Google Scholar

[57] Batko K., Voelkel A., Andrzejewski M., Andrzejewska E., Limanowska-Shaw H., Characteristics of the surface layer of selected glass-ionomer cements by inverse gas chromatography in increased humidity conditions, Polymers, 2006, 51, 33-37. 10.14314/polimery.2006.280Search in Google Scholar

[58] Andrzejewska E., Voelkel A., Andrzejewski M., Limanowska- Shaw H., Dispersive surface properties of glass-ionomer cements determined by inverse gas chromatography, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2005, 245, 135-140. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.10.005Search in Google Scholar

[59] Voelkel A., Andrzejewska E., Limanowska-Shaw H., Andrzejewski M., Acid–base surface properties of glass-ionomers determined by IGC, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2005, 245, 149-154. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.10.004Search in Google Scholar

[60] Okulus Z., Strzemiecka B, Czarnecka B., Buchwald T., Voelkel A., Surface energy of bovine dentin and enamel by means of inverse gas chromatography, Mater. Sci. Eng. C., 2015, 49, 382-389. 10.1016/j.msec.2015.01.038Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[61] Hikita K., Van Meerbeek B., De Munck J., Ikeda T., Van Landuyt K., Maida T., Lambrechts P., Peumans M., Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentine, Dental Materials, 2007, 23, 71-80. 10.1016/j.dental.2005.12.002Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[62] Okulus Z., Strzemiecka B., Czarnecka B., Voelkel A., Determination of the adhesion between tooth and dental filling by inverse gas chromatography, In: Martín Martínez J.M., Suárez Bermejo J.C. (Eds.), 10th European Conference on Adhesion – Papers, Sociedad de Adhesión, Alicante, 2014, pp. 277-280. Search in Google Scholar

[63] Swift E.J., Dentin/enamel adhesives: review of the literature, Pediatric Dentistry, 2002, 24, 456-461. Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2014-12-30
Accepted: 2015-4-1
Published Online: 2015-5-22

© 2015 Adam Voelkel et al.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

Downloaded on 30.11.2022 from frontend.live.degruyter.dgbricks.com/document/doi/10.1515/chem-2015-0104/html
Scroll Up Arrow