Pure and Applied Chemistry 2015
Volume 87, Issue 11-12, pp. 1151–1166
Ports are closed or semi-closed coastal systems with limited water circulation, poor flushing and weak tidal exchange. They are characterized as pollution hotspots or areas of stagnation with a variety of maritime pollutants. Nowadays, shipping and port managers aim to address environmental risk in their operations, striving to achieve suitable environmental management systems and environmental policies. In that way, environmental impacts are thoroughly considered and actions to minimize and prevent these effects are identified, while human activities for prevention, reduction, and mitigation of harmful consequences are managed.
The current project provides details of quality and performance indicators based on physical and biogeochemical environmental parameters required to monitor and audit the effectiveness of the environmental management system and environmental policies applied in ports. These indicators will be used as powerful tools strengthening sound decisions when developing, shaping, and evaluating national and local environmental management systems and policies. The selected indicators are described and their monitoring processes are presented and discussed. Examples of selected best environmental practice from various port authorities are included.
©2016 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston